Predestination And Foreknowledge [YAHUWAH]


“Predestination, in theology, is the doctrine that all events have been willed by God. John Calvin interpreted biblical predestination to mean that God willed eternal damnation for some people and salvation for others.[1] Explanations of predestination often seek to address the so-called “paradox of free will,” whereby God’s omniscience seems incompatible with human free will.”

The Calvinist Form Of Predestination Is A Lie

Yachazaqaal (Ezekiel) 18:32 “For I have no pleasure in the death of him that dieth, saith the Master Yahuwah: wherefore turn yourselves, and live ye.”

2 (Peter) 3:9 “Yahuwah is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; but is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance.”

Yahuwah would have it that all mankind were saved, but The Scriptures teach that some of mankind through the gift of freewill and choice will not accept Yahuwah’s offer of salvation. Yahuwah does not damn anyone, mankind damns himself.

Adam And Eve Had A Choice
Genesis 2:16-17

16 “And Yahuwah Alahayam commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat: 17 But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.”

The Gift Of Freewill (Choice)

Freewill has existed from the beginning of the creation of mankind. Mankind was created in the image of Alahayam and Alahayam has freewill. Adam and Eve were given a choice between eternal life and eternal death. They chose eternal death.

Yahuwah did not create mankind with the characteristics of a robot. Robots do not make choices. Robots do what they are programmed to do by whoever controls them.

There are those who want to take away the gift of freewill that Yahuwah has given mankind and make them robots.

Mind Control

“Mind control (also known as brainwashing, coercive persuasion, mind abuse, menticide, thought control, or thought reform) refers to a process in which a group or individual “systematically uses unethically manipulative methods to persuade others to conform to the wishes of the manipulator(s), often to the detriment of the person being manipulated”.[1] The term has been applied to any tactic, psychological or otherwise, which can be seen as subverting an individual’s sense of control over their own thinking, behavior, emotions or decision making.”

It is the desire of mankind to control the minds and bodies of other human beings and the scientific community have the tools in their hands do just that.

Brain Function: The First Step

The scientific community has known for years how the various parts of the brain function and what processes they control. All of the following can potentially be controlled with the right drug or technology:

Brain Function: The Lobes

“Brain lobes were originally a purely anatomical classification, but have been shown also to be related to different brain functions.

1. Frontal lobe—conscious thought; damage can result in mood changes, social differences, etc. The frontal lobes are the most uniquely human of all the brain structures.

2. Parietal lobe—plays important roles in integrating sensory information from various senses, and in the manipulation of objects; portions of the parietal lobe are involved with visuospatial processing

3. Occipital lobe—sense of sight; lesions can produce hallucinations

4. Temporal lobe—senses of smell and sound, as well as processing of complex stimuli like faces and scenes.”

Brain Function: The Cerebellum

“The cerebellum (Latin for little brain) is a region of the brain that plays an important role in motor control. It may also be involved in some cognitive functions such as attention and language, and in regulating fear and pleasure responses,[1] but its movement-related functions are the most solidly established. The cerebellum does not initiate movement, but it contributes to coordination, precision, and accurate timing.”

Brain Function: The Medulla

“The medulla contains the cardiac, respiratory, vomiting and vasomotor centers and deals with autonomic, involuntary functions, such as breathing, heart rate and blood pressure.”

If one desires to take away freewill and have a human robot, the next step would be finding a means to control brain function.

Mind Control With Drugs: MKULTRA

“Project MKULTRA, or MK-ULTRA, was the code name for a covert, illegal CIA human experimentation program, run by the CIA’s Office of Scientific Intelligence. This official U.S. government program began in the early 1950s, continued at least through the late 1960s, and used U.S. and Canadian citizens as its test subjects.[1][2][3][4]”

“The published evidence indicates that Project MKULTRA involved the use of many methodologies to manipulate people’s individual mental states and alter brain functions, including the surreptitious administration of drugs and other chemicals, hypnosis,[5] sensory deprivation, isolation, verbal and sexual abuse, as well as various forms of torture.”


“On the Senate floor in 1977, Senator Ted Kennedy said:

The Deputy Director of the CIA revealed that over thirty universities and institutions were involved in an “extensive testing and experimentation” program which included covert drug tests on unwitting citizens “at all social levels, high and low, native Americans and foreign.” Several of these tests involved the administration of LSD to “unwitting subjects in social situations.” At least one death, that of Dr. Olson, resulted from these activities. The Agency itself acknowledged that these tests made little scientific sense. The agents doing the monitoring were not qualified scientific observers.[11]”

Drug Development Goals Of MKULTRA

“One 1955 MKULTRA document gives an indication of the size and range of the effort; this document refers to the study of an assortment of mind-altering substances described as follows:[24]

1. Substances which will promote illogical thinking and impulsiveness to the point where the recipient would be discredited in public.

2. Substances which increase the efficiency of mentation and perception.

3. Materials which will cause the victim to age faster/slower in maturity.

4. Materials which will promote the intoxicating effect of alcohol.”

5. Materials which will produce the signs and symptoms of recognized diseases in a reversible way so that they may be used for malingering, etc.

6. Materials will cause temporary/permanent brain damage and loss of memory.

7. Substances which will enhance the ability of individuals to withstand privation, torture and coercion during interrogation and so-called “brain-washing”.

8. Materials and physical methods which will produce amnesia for events preceding and during their use.

9. Physical methods of producing shock and confusion over extended periods of time and capable of surreptitious use.

10. Substances which produce physical disablement such as paralysis of the legs, acute anemia, etc.

11. Substances which will produce a chemical that can cause blisters.

12. Substances which alter personality structure in such a way that the tendency of the recipient to become dependent upon another person is enhanced.

13. A material which will cause mental confusion of such a type that the individual under its influence will find it difficult to maintain a fabrication under questioning.

14. Substances which will lower the ambition and general working efficiency of men when administered in undetectable amounts.

15. Substances which promote weakness or distortion of the eyesight or hearing faculties, preferably without permanent effects.

16. A knockout pill which can surreptitiously be administered in drinks, food, cigarettes, as an aerosol, etc., which will be safe to use, provide a maximum of amnesia, and be suitable for use by agent types on an ad hoc basis.

17. A material which can be surreptitiously administered by the above routes and which in very small amounts will make it impossible for a person to perform physical activity.

My Confession: A Social Functions

We need to be careful about casually eating and drinking at every social function and potluck that comes our way. There are wicked people out there who will drug others in an effort to make them robots and vulnerable so that they can take advantage of them. In my younger days, I went to a club with a friend and bought a drink. We had not even been at the club a long time (about 20 minutes or so). I took only about two or three sips out of the drink and within a few minutes, I lost my motor skills and felt myself ready to drop. Before I was about to hit the floor, I was able to get the words out of my mouth to my friend standing next to me “Something is wrong with me, I feel like I don’t have any legs” (or words to that effect) “before” my power of speech became incoherent and unintelligible. Something was wrong with that drink.

My friend had to hold me up and baby step me out of the club and take me home where we then had to baby step from the street to my front door and although I was afraid that I was going to die (because my heart was racing at an abnormal speed) from whatever was going on with me, I laughed in the face of death all the way to my front door. I never set the drink down while in the club, but my friend, at one point, ask me for a few sips of the drink which I gave and the drink did not have the same affect on my friend. To this day, I don’t know if my friend drugged me while the drink was in my friend’s possession or if whether or not the problem originated with the bartender. Women who want to steal a man’s wallet and men who want to sexually take advantage of a woman have been known to resort to these methods.

We are living in a time when people do not want others to feel emotions for themselves or for other people. In Egypt, the people of Yahuwah cried out to Him in their suffering and torment and He heard their cry. There are those in our modern times who don’t want Yahuwah’s people to cry up to Him because they know that this is one of the things that causes Yahuwah to respond to His people.

This presentation will not touch on the many psychological drugs being used in our modern times to make people feel happy when they are not happy and have a legitimate reason to be sad.

The Stimoceiver

“José Manuel Rodriguez Delgado (August 8, 1915 – September 15, 2011) was a Spanish professor of physiology at Yale University, famed for his research into mind control through electrical stimulation of regions in the brain.[1]”

“Delgado’s research interests centered on the use of electrical signals to evoke responses in the brain. His earliest work was with cats, but he later did experiments with monkeys and humans, including mental patients.”

“Much of Delgado’s work was with an invention he called a stimoceiver, a radio which joined a stimulator of brain waves with a receiver which monitored E.E.G. waves and sent them back on separate radio channels. Some of these stimoceivers were as small as half-dollars. This allowed the subject of the experiment full freedom of movement while allowing the experimenter to control the experiment. This was a great improvement from his early equipment which included implanted electrodes whose wires ran from the brain to bulky equipment that both recorded data and delivered the desired electrical charges to the brain. This early equipment, while not allowing for a free range of movement, was also the cause of infection in many subjects.[7]”

“The stimoceiver could be used to stimulate emotions and control behavior. According to Delgado, “Radio Stimulation of different points in the amygdala and hippocampus in the four patients produced a variety of effects, including pleasant sensations, elation, deep, thoughtful concentration, odd feelings, super relaxation, colored visions, and other responses.” Delgado stated that “brain transmitters can remain in a person’s head for life. The energy to activate the brain transmitter is transmitted by way of radio frequencies.”[8]”

“Using the stimoceiver, Delgado found that he could not only elicit emotions, but he could also elicit specific physical reactions. These specific physical reactions, such as the movement of a limb or the clenching of a fist, were achieved when Delgado stimulated the motor cortex. A human whose implants were stimulated to produce a reaction were unable to resist the reaction and so one patient said “I guess, doctor, that your electricity is stronger than my will”. Some consider one of Delgado’s most promising finds is that of an area called the septum within the limbic region. This area, when stimulated by Delgado, produced feelings of strong euphoria. These euphoric feelings were sometimes strong enough to overcome physical pain and depression.[9]”

The Negative Emotions Of Mankind

This Wikipedia article on Dr. Delgado has a bias leaning. It tends to speak about the positive feel-good emotions the stimoceiver caused in its human subjects like euphoria, however, let us not forget that the human emotions include negative emotions like rage, jealousy, depression, desire to kill, and sexual impulse of which all can potentially be stimulated by the stimoceiver. The brain controls our ability to smell, see, hear, taste, and feel. Can the stimoceiver make us smell, see, hear, taste, and feel what the controller of the stimoceiver wants us too? Can the stimoceiver make me think I’m attracted to someone who I ordinarily would not be attracted too thus the stimoceiver can be used as an instrument to arrange marriages and relationships? Can the stimoceiver be used to induce homosexual feelings?

The stimoceiver can make ordinary people believe it is a good thing for a government or a church to kill and behead the saints and afterwards have a party of celebration and exchange gifts with one another. I believe Yahuwah will have mercy on those whose minds are being tampered with in this manner and they know it not.

The Stimoceiver Was Invented To Be Used

Let the people of Yahuwah be aware that there is technology out there that can have an affect on the human brain remotely through invisible radio waves that can control the psychological and physiological aspects of mankind. Technology is invented to be used. The stimoceiver has the potential to do everything that the drug experimentation goals could not, but remotely. Those with a stimoceiver in their possession no longer have to get up close and personal and get their hands dirty by slipping drugs in something belonging to the target. Therefore, do not be perplexed at what appears to be a “sheeple” effect which permeates society. Blindness and lack of concern can now be induced by wicked mankind.

The “Supposed” Wise And Rich Of The Earth

Ultimately, the knowledge of the control of the mind and body function can determine who will be the rulers and the rich of the earth in these last days.

Such a technology can suppress the comprehension and concentration skills of a whole nation of people giving the impression that they have a lower IQ than others when in reality such a technology is being remotely focused on the brains of that nation of people.

Such a technology can be used to make men rich or get better jobs by affecting the minds and bodies of those who are deemed unacceptable with ill health and placing the desired healthy people in positions of power.

The Gift of “Mind Change” (Repentance)

Malachy 3:6 “For I am Yahuwah, I change not; therefore ye sons of Yaaqob are not consumed.

There are many instances in The Scriptures in which Yahuwah says that He is going to bring calamity and He relents from doing it. This scripture does not mean that Yahuwah is incapable of changing His mind. This scripture is a reference to the fact that what Yahuwah has said He will do concerning the seed of Yaaqob will be done and He will not consume them completely off the earth. Yahuwah has the ability to change His mind and He made mankind in His image. Yahuwah blessed mankind with the ability to repent which is have a mind change. This is a blessing. Yahuwah has made it possible for mankind to change his mind about the path of sin.


“Omniscience (play /ɒmˈnɪʃəns/;[1] omniscient point-of-view in writing) is the capacity to know everything infinitely, or at least everything that can be known about a character including thoughts, feelings, life and the universe, etc. In Latin, omnis means “all” and sciens means “knowing”.”

Yahuwah Is Omniscient

Psalms 94:11 “Yahuwah knoweth the thoughts of man, that they are vanity.”

Luke 8:17 “For nothing is secret, that shall not be made manifest; neither any thing hid, that shall not be known and come abroad.”

1 Yohn 3:20 “For if our heart condemn us, Yahuwah is greater than our heart, and knoweth all things.”

Yahuwah knows all things even every secret thing that is done on the earth in secret. Yahuwah knows every thought of mankind. Yahuwah knows who will and who will not accept His offer of salvation, therefore, He already knows who will be saved and who will be damned to the lake of fire.

Scriptural Predestination
Romans 8:28-30

28 “And we know that all things work together for good to them that love Yahuwah, to them who are the called according to his purpose. 29 For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren. 30 Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.

A Special People (The Elect)

Deuteronomy 7:6 “For thou art an holy people unto Yahuwah thy Alahayam: Yahuwah thy Alahayam hath chosen thee to be a special people unto himself, above all people that are upon the face of the earth.”

Yahuwah first elected the descendants of Abaraham through the line of Yaaqob as a special people for Himself. The name of that special people is Yahsharahal. Yahsharahal was not special until Yahuwah chose them and gave them His laws to make them a holy people, otherwise, they were unclean. Whenever we set our mind to start a project, we have to decide where we are going to begin the project. Yahuwah began with Yahsharahal, but the project of Yahuwah was to be expanded to the Gentiles.

Yahsharahal A Light

Acts 13:47 “For so hath the Master commanded us, saying, I have set thee to be a light of the Gentiles, that thou shouldest be for salvation unto the ends of the earth.”

This has always been the goal of Yahuwah that His plan of salvation should go unto the ends of the earth which Yahuwshuwah gave to Yahsharahal who were commanded to spread the word of salvation to the Gentiles. Yahsharahal are not the only presdestined and elected ones. Yahuwah has elected some of the Gentiles through His foreknowledge too.

The Elected Gentiles
Revelation 7:9, 13-14

9 “After this I beheld, and, lo, a great multitude, which no man could number, of all nations, and kindreds, and people, and tongues, stood before the throne, and before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, and palms in their hands;”

13 “And one of the elders answered, saying unto me, What are these which are arrayed in white robes? And whence came they?” 14 And I said unto him, Sir, thou knowest. And he said to me, These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.”

Yahuwah showed Yohn some of the predestined elected Gentiles that would be saved in the future. Yahuwah knows already which ones among the Gentiles will be saved in this age because He showed them to Yohn. The number of them is innumerable.

The Elected Yahsharahalite Virgin Males
Revelation 7:3-4

3 “Saying, Hurt not the earth, neither the sea, nor the trees, till we have sealed the servants of our Alahayam in their foreheads. 4 And I heard the number of them which were sealed: and there were sealed an hundred and forty and four thousand of all the tribes of the children of Yahsharahal.”

Yahuwah knew that He would elect these 144,000 Yahsharahalite virgin males and He showed them to Yohn in the first century before it happens. Yahuwah knows who will be saved before it comes to pass through His power of foreknowledge.

Make Your Election Sure
2 Peter 1:10

10 “Wherefore the rather, brethren, given diligence to make your calling and election sure: for if ye do these things, ye shall never fall.”

Although some have been predestined, called, and elected, we are responsible for making our call and election sure by growing in the Spirit. “These things” are virtue (morality), knowledge, temperance, patience, alahayamness, brotherly kindness, and charity. Regardless of our having been predestinated, we must grow in these things to make our calling and election sure.

The Elect

The Elect are those who are chosen by Yahuwah for special service on the earth. We need to make sure that we perform that service as one of His predestined Elect ones as some of the other saints did.

They Made Their Call And Election Sure

1. Yahuwshuwah was elected to manifest the name of Yahuwah and serve as Lamb for the sins of mankind (election sure)

2. Marayam mother of Yahuwshuwah was elected as a virgin to birth the Son of Yahuwah (election sure)

3. Yuwsaph adopted father of Yahuwshuwah elected as husband of Marayam who did not stone the woman perceived to be a fornicator (election sure)

4. Yohn the Baptist elected to baptize with water and announce the coming of the Mashiyach (election sure)

5. The apostles elected to serve as ministers to spread the word of salvation throughout the earth (election sure)

All these made their call and election sure–just to name a few. They completed their predestinated service to Yahuwah.

Yahuwah has chosen to reveal the truth to some in this age and they have the choice to accept the truth or reject it. The Elect are composed of a group of people from among all the nations who will be made immortal and incorruptible. The Elect will be immortal kings, immortal priest, immortal judges, and immortal soldiers in the army of Yahuwah and Yahuwshuwah. All cannot hold these positions because where would the subjects be? There are those who have been exposed to the same truth, but they have chosen to reject the truth. There is nothing else Yahuwah can do for those who know the truth, but reject it. Others have been temporarily blinded to be resurrected into the flesh in another age where they will be given the truth and they will have a choice to accept or reject the truth.

What Is Foreknowledge?

Foreknowledge is Yahuwah’s ability to look forward into the future and see in advance the course that events will take from beginning to end. This power of Yahuwah has given Him the opportunity to elect or select in advance whom He wills to prepare for special service on the earth now and to prepare for special service in The Kingdom of Yahuwah to come. Everybody cannot be a king. Everybody cannot be a priest. There would be no subjects to rule over if this was the case. The nations will need leadership and this is what Yahuwah is preparing His Elect for.

Yahuwshuwah Had A Choice
Yohn (John) 10:17-18

17 “Therefore doth my Father love me, because I lay down my life, that I might take it again. 18 No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This commandment have I received of my Father.”

Yahuwah did not force Yahuwshuwah to die for the sins of mankind. Yahuwshuwah was given a choice, but Yahuwah knew in advance that Yahuwshuwah would choose to give his life for the sins of mankind. The Old Testament reveals a Mashiyach who would come to the earth and “fulfill” his mission on the earth before it happened.

The Twelve Apostles Turned Away From The Faith

Yahuwah knew that the twelve apostles would turn away from the faith and abandon or deny the name of His only begotten Son, but He also knew that through His gift of repentance (with the exception of Yahuwdah Iscariot) they would return to the faith. In the case of Yahuwdah Iscariot, he repented, but he was overcome with the grief of his betrayal of Yahuwshuwah and instead of returning to the faith, he took his own life. This does not necessarily mean Yahuwdah Iscariot is eternally damned, but it does mean he lost his place and reward among The Twelve Apostles.

The Twelve Apostles Will Be Saved
Revelation 21:14

14 “And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and in them the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.”

The unsaved would not be given this honor in the Kingdom of Yahuwah. Therefore, Yahuwah has told His people in advance that the Twelve Apostles endured in the faith to the end and they will be saved.

Yahuwah knew in advance to choose these particular men to achieve His goal of spreading His word throughout the earth.

Predestination And Foreknowledge

If you are one of the ones who are presdestinated to be called now, it is because Yahuwah knows it is the best time for you to be called and saved. Yahuwah knows the affect the knowledge of His truth would have on you because He saw you in His foreknowledge of the future. Yahuwah is aware of the various experiences and skills each one He would call has and how He could use those skills in His service. However, this does not mean that our freewill is not intact and that we cannot fall away from the truth because The Scriptures are clear that some will fall away from the truth which means they had the truth and were in the true faith. We must use our freewill to endure to the end because Yahuwah does not force anyone to serve Him. Yahuwah knows who will be saved and has even revealed to us some of those who will be saved.

Take Heed!

Wikipedia Excerpts are from and are under a CC Attribution Share Alike license


4 thoughts on “Predestination And Foreknowledge [YAHUWAH]

  1. Thine, O Yahuwah, is the greatness, and the power, and the esteem and splendour, and the victory, and the majesty: for all that is in the heaven and in the earth is Thine; Thine is the kingdom, O YAHUWAH, and Thou art exalted as Head above all” (1 Chron. 29:11). The Sovereignty of YHWH is an expression that once was generally understood. It was a phrase commonly used in religious literature. It was a theme frequently expounded in the pulpit. It was a truth which brought comfort to many hearts, and gave virility and stability to Messianic character. But, today, to make mention of YHWH ‘s Sovereignty is, in many quarters, to speak in an unknown tongue. Were we to announce from the average pulpit that the subject of our discourse would be the Sovereignty of YHWH, it would sound very much as though we had borrowed a phrase from one of the dead languages. Alas! that it should be so. Alas! that the doctrine which is the key to history, the interpreter of Providence, the warp and woof of Scripture, and the foundation of Messianic theology should be so sadly neglected and so little understood. The Sovereignty of Yahuwah. What do we mean by this expression? We mean the supremacy of YHWH, the kingship of YHWH, the Elohim-hood of YHWH. To say that YHWH is Sovereign is to declare that YHWH is Eloah. To say that YHWH is Sovereign is to declare that He is the Most High, doing according to His will in the army of Shamayim, and among the inhabitants of the earth, so that none can stay His hand or say unto Him what doest Thou? (Dan. 4:35). To say that YHWH is Sovereign is to declare that He is the Almighty, the Possessor of all power in Shamayim and earth, so that none can defeat His counsels, thwart His purpose, or resist His will (Psa. 115:3). To say that YHWH is Sovereign is to declare that He is “The Governor among the nations” (Psa. 22:28), setting up kingdoms, overthrowing empires, and determining the course of dynasties as pleases Him best. To say that YHWH is Sovereign is to declare that He is the “Only Potentate, the King of kings, and El of Elohim” (1 Tim. 6:15). Such is the Eloah of the Scriptures. How different is the Elohim of the Scriptures from the Deity of modern Christendom! The conception of Deity which prevails most widely today, even among those who profess to give heed to the Scriptures, is a miserable caricature, a blasphemous travesty of the Truth. The Deity/God of the twentieth century is a helpless, effeminate being who commands the respect of no really thoughtful man. The God of the popular mind is the creation of maudlin sentimentality. The God of many a present-day pulpit is an object of pity rather than of awe-inspiring reverence. To say that Abba Yahuwah has purposed the salvation of all mankind, that the Son Yahushua died with the express intention of saving the whole human race, and that YAHUWAH the Ruwach ha Kodesh is now seeking to win the world to Messiah; when, as a matter of common observation, it is apparent that the great majority of our fellowmen are dying in sin, and passing into a hopeless eternity; is to say that Abba Yahuwah is disappointed, that Yahushua the Son is dissatisfied, and that the Ruwach is defeated. We have stated the issue baldly, but there is no escaping the conclusion. To argue that Elohim is “trying His best” to save all mankind, but that the majority of men will not let Him save them, is to insist that the will of the Creator is impotent, and that the will of the creature is omnipotent. To throw the blame, as many do, upon the devil, does not remove the difficulty, for if Satan is defeating the purpose of Elohim, then, Satan is Almighty and Yah is no longer the Supreme Being. To declare that the Creator’s original plan has been frustrated by sin, is to dethrone Yah. To suggest that Yah was taken by surprise in Eden and that He is now attempting to remedy an unforeseen calamity, is to degrade the Most High to the level of a finite, erring mortal. To argue that man is a free moral agent and the determiner of his own destiny, and that therefore he has the power to checkmate his Maker, is to strip YAH of the attribute of Omnipotence. To say that the creature has burst the bounds assigned by his Creator, and that YAH is now practically a helpless Spectator before the sin and suffering entailed by Adam’s fall, is to repudiate the express declaration of Set Apart Writ, namely, “Surely the wrath of man shall praise Thee: the remainder of wrath shalt Thou restrain” (Psa. 76:10). In a word, to deny the Sovereignty of YAH is to enter upon a path which, if followed to its logical terminus, is to arrive at blank atheism. The Sovereignty of the EL of Scripture is absolute, irresistible, infinite. When we say that YAH is Sovereign we affirm His right to govern the universe which He has made for His own esteem and splendour, just as He pleases. We affirm that His right is the right of the Potter over the clay, ie, that He may mould that clay into whatsoever form He chooses, fashioning out of the same lump one vessel unto honor and another unto dishonor. We affirm that He is under no rule or law outside of His own will and nature, that YAH is a law unto Himself, and that He is under no obligation to give an account of His matters to any. Sovereignty characterizes the whole Being of YAH. He is Sovereign in all His attributes. He is Sovereign in the exercise of His power. His power is exercised as He wills, when He wills, where He wills. This fact is evidenced on every page of Scripture. For a long season that power appears to be dormant, and then it is put forth in irresistible might. Pharaoh dared to hinder Israel from going forth to worship YAH in the wilderness-what happened? YAH exercised His power, His people were delivered and their cruel task-masters slain. But a little later, the Amalekites dared to attack these same Israelites in the wilderness, and what happened? Did YAH put forth His power on this occasion and display His hand as He did at the Red Sea? Were these enemies of His people promptly overthrown and destroyed? No, on the contrary, YAH swore that He would “have war with Amalek from generation to generation” (Exo. 17:16). Again, when Israel entered the land of Canaan, YAH ‘s power was signally displayed. The city of Jericho barred their progress-what happened? Israel did not draw a bow nor strike a blow: YAH stretched forth His hand and the walls fell down flat. But the miracle was never repeated! No other city fell after this manner. Every other city had to be captured by the sword! Many other instances might be adduced illustrating the Sovereign exercise of YAH ‘s power. Take one other example. YAH put forth His power and David was delivered from Goliath, the giant; the mouths of the lions were closed and Daniel escaped unhurt; the three Hebrew children were cast into the burning fiery furnace and came forth unharmed and unscorched. But YAH ‘s power did not always interpose for the deliverance of His people, for we read: “And others had trial of cruel mockings and scourgings, yea, moreover of bonds and imprisonment: they were stoned, they were sawn asunder, were tempted, were slain with the sword; they wandered about in sheepskins and goatskins; being destitute, afflicted, tormented” (Heb. 11:36, 37). But why? Why were not these men of faith delivered like the others? Or, why were not the others suffered to be killed like these? Why should YHWH ‘s power interpose and rescue some and not the others? Why allow Stephen to be stoned to death, and then deliver Peter from prison? YHWH is Sovereign in the delegation of His power to others. Why did YHWH endow Methuselah with a vitality which enabled him to outlive all his contemporaries? Why did YHWH impart to Samson a physical strength which no other human has ever possessed? Again; it is written, “But thou shall remember YHWH thy Elohim: for it is He that giveth thee power to get wealth” (Deut. 8:18), but YHWH does not bestow this power on all alike. Why not? Why has He given such power to men like Morgan, Carnegie, Rockefeller? The answer to all of these questions is, Because YHWH is Sovereign, and being Sovereign He does as He pleases. YHWH is Sovereign in the exercise of His mercy. Necessarily so, for mercy is directed by the will of Him that showeth mercy. Mercy is not a right to which man is entitled. Mercy is that adorable attribute of YHWH by which He pities and relieves the wretched. But under the righteous government of YHWH no one is wretched who does not deserve to be so. The objects of mercy, then, are those who are miserable, and all misery is the result of sin, hence the miserable are deserving of punishment not mercy. To speak of deserving mercy is a contradiction of terms. YHWH bestows His mercies on whom He pleases and withholds them as seemeth good unto Himself. A remarkable illustration of this fact is seen in the manner that YHWH responded to the prayers of two men offered under very similar circumstances. Sentence of death was passed upon Moses for one act of disobedience, and he besought YHWH for a reprieve. But was his desire gratified? No; he told Israel, “YHWH was wroth with me for your sakes, and would not hear me: and YHWH said unto me, Let it suffice thee” (Deut. 3:26). Now mark the second case: “In those days was Hezekiah sick unto death. And the prophet Isaiah the son of Amoz came to him, and said unto him, Thus saith YHWH, Set thine house in order; for thou shalt die, and not live. Then he turned his face to the wall, and prayed unto YHWH, saying, I beseech Thee, O YHWH, remember now how I have walked before Thee in truth and with a perfect heart, and have done that which is good in Thy sight. And Hezekiah wept sore. And it came to pass, afore Isaiah was gone out into the middle court, that the word of YHWH came to him, saying, Turn again, and tell Hezekiah the captain of my people, Thus saith YHWH, the Elohim of David thy father, I have heard thy prayer, I have seen thy tears: behold, I will heal thee: on the third day thou shalt go unto the house of YHWH. And I will add unto thy days fifteen years” (2 Kings 20:1-6). Both of these men had the sentence of death in themselves, and both prayed earnestly unto YHWH for a reprieve: the one wrote: “YHWH would not hear me,” and died; but to the other it was said, “I have heard thy prayer,” and his life was spared. What an illustration and exemplification of the truth expressed in Romans 9:15!-“For He saith to Moses, I will be favourable onto whom I will be favourable, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion.” The Sovereign exercise of YHWH ‘s favour (“mercy“)- pity shown to the wretched- was displayed when YAHUWAH became flesh and tabernacled among men. Take one illustration. During one of the Feasts of the Yahudim, the Master YAHUSHUA went up to Jerusalem. He came to the Pool of Bethesda where before lay “a great multitude of impotent folk, of blind, halt, withered, waiting for the moving of the water.” Among this “great multitude” there was “a certain man which had an infirmity thirty and eight years.” What happened? “When Yahushua saw him He, and knew that he had been now a long time in that case, he says unto him, Wilt thou be made whole? The impotent man answers Him, Sir, I have no man, when the water is troubled, to put me into the pool: but when I am coming, another steps down before me. Yahushua says unto him, Rise, take up thy bed, and walk. And immediately the man was made whole, and took up his bed, and walked” (John 5:3-9). Why was this one man singled out from all the others? We are not told that he cried “Master, have mercy on me.” There is not a word in the narrative which intimates that this man possessed any qualifications which entitled him to receive special favour. Here then was a case of the Sovereign exercise of Divine mercy, for it was just as easy for Messiah to heal the whole of that “great multitude” as this one “certain man.” But He did not. He put forth His power and relieved the wretchedness of this one particular sufferer, and for some reason known only to Himself, He declined to do the same for the others. Again, we say, what an illustration and exemplification of Romans 9:15!-“I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion.” YHWH is Sovereign in the exercise of His love. Ah! that is a hard saying, who then can receive it? It is written, “A man can receive nothing, except it be given him from Shamayim” (John 3:27). When we say that YHWH is Sovereign in the exercise of His love, we mean that He loves whom He chooses. YHWH does not love everybody (John 3:16 will be examined later); if He did, He would love the Devil. Why does not YHWH love the Devil? Because there is nothing in him to love; because there is nothing in him to attract the heart of YHWH. Nor is there anything to attract YHWH ‘s love in any of the fallen sons of Adam, for all of them are, by nature, “children of wrath” (Eph. 2:3). If then there is nothing in any member of the human race to attract YHWH ‘s love, and if, notwithstanding, He does love some, then it necessarily follows that the cause of His love must be found in Himself, which is only another way of saying that the exercise of YHWH ‘s love towards the fallen sons of men is according to His own good pleasure. In the final analysis, the exercise of YHWH ‘s love must he traced back to His Sovereignty or, otherwise, He would love by rule; and if He loved by rule, then is He under a law of love, and if He is under a law of love then is He not supreme, but is Himself ruled by law. “But,” it may be asked, “Surely you do not deny that YHWH loves the entire human family?” We reply, it is written, “Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated” (Rom. 9:13). If then YHWH loved Jacob and hated Esau, and that before they were born or had done either good or evil, then the reason for His love was not in them, but in Himself. That the exercise of YHWH ‘s love is according to His own Sovereign pleasure is also clear from the language of Ephesians 1:3-5, where we read, “Blessed be YHWH and Father of our Master Yahushua the Messiah, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in His Son: According as He hath chosen us in Him before the foundation of the world, that we should be set-apart and without blame before Him in love. Having predestined us unto the adoption of children by Yahushua the Messiah to Himself according to the good pleasure of His will”. It was “in love” that YHWH the Father predestined His chosen ones unto the adoption of children by Yahushua the Messiah to Himself, “according”-according to what? According to some excellency He discovered in them? No. What then? According to what He foresaw they would become? No; mark carefully the inspired answer-“According to the good pleasure of His will.” We are not unmindful of the fact that men have invented the distinction between YHWH ‘s love of complacency and His love of compassion, but this is an invention pure and simple. Scripture terms the latter YHWH ‘s “pity” (see Matt. 18:33), and “He is kind unto the unthankful and the evil” (Luke 6:35)! YHWH is Sovereign in the exercise of His favour. This of necessity, for favour is compassion shown to the undeserving, yea, to the Hell-deserving. Favour is the antithesis of justice. Justice demands the impartial enforcement of law. Justice requires that each shall receive his legitimate due, neither more nor less. Justice bestows no favours and is no respecter of persons. Justice, as such, shows no pity and knows no mercy. But after justice has been fully satisfied, favour flows forth. Divine favour is not exercised at the expense of justice, but “favour reigns through righteousness” (Rom. 5:21), and if favour “reigns,” then is favour Sovereign. Mercy has been defined as the unmerited favour of YHWH (An esteemed friend who kindly read through this book in its manuscript form, and to whom we are indebted for a number of excellent suggestions, has pointed out that favour is something more than “unmerited favor.” To feed a tramp who calls on me is “unmerited favor,” but it is scarcely favour. But suppose that after robbing me I should feed this starving tramp-that would be “favour.” favour, then, is favor shown where there is positive de-merit in the one receiving it); and if unmerited, then none can claim it as their inalienable right. If favour is unearned and undeserved, then none are entitled to it. If favour is a gift, then none can demand it. Therefore, as salvation is by favour, the free gift of YHWH, then He bestows it on whom He pleases. Because salvation is by favour, the very chief of sinners is not beyond the reach of Divine mercy. Because salvation is by favour, boasting is excluded and YHWH gets all the esteem and splendour. The Sovereign exercise of favour is illustrated on nearly every page of Scripture. The Gentiles are left to walk in their own ways while Israel becomes the covenant people of YAHUWAH. Ishmael the firstborn is cast out comparatively unblest, while Isaac the son of his parents’ old age is made the child of promise. Esau the generous-hearted and forgiving-spirited is denied the blessing, though he sought it carefully with tears, while the worm Jacob receives the inheritance and is fashioned into a vessel of honor. So in the re-newed Testament. Divine Truth is hidden from the wise and prudent, but is revealed to babes. The Pharisees and Sadducees are left to go their own way, while publicans and harlots are drawn by the cords of love. In a remarkable manner Divine favour was exercised at the time of the Saviour’s birth. The incarnation of YAHUWAH ‘s Son was one of the greatest events in the history of the universe, and yet its actual occurrence was not made known to all mankind; instead, it was specially revealed to the Bethlehem shepherds and wise men of the East. And this was prophetic and indicative of the entire course of this dispensation, for even today the Messiah is not made known to all. It would have been an easy matter for YAHUWAH to have sent a company of angels to every nation and to have announced the birth of His Son. But He did not. YAHUWAH could have readily attracted the attention of all mankind to the “star”; but He did not. Why? Because YAHUWAH is Sovereign and dispenses His favors as He pleases. Note particularly the two classes to whom the birth of the Saviour was made known, namely, the most unlikely classes-illiterate shepherds and heathen from a far country. No angel stood before the Sanhedrin and announced the advent of Israel’s Messiah! No “star” appeared unto the scribes and lawyers as they, in their pride and self-righteousness, searched the Scriptures! They searched diligently to find out where He should be born, and yet it was not made known to them when He was actually come. What a display of Divine Sovereignty-the illiterate shepherds singled out for peculiar honor, and the learned and eminent passed by! And why was the birth of the Saviour revealed to these foreigners, and not to those in whose midst He was born? See in this a wonderful foreshadowing of YAHUWAH ‘s dealings with our race throughout the entire dispensation-Sovereign in the exercise of His favour, bestowing His favors on whom He pleases, often on the most unlikely and unworthy. It has been pointed out to us that YAHUWAH ‘s Sovereignty was signally displayed in His choice of the place where His Son was born. Not to Greece or Italy did the EL of esteemed splendour come, but to the insignificant land of Palestine! Not in Jerusalem-the royal city-was Immanuel born, but in Bethlehem, which was “little among the thousands (of towns and villages) in Judah” (Micah 5:2)! And it was in despised Nazareth that He grew up!! Truly, YAHUWAH ‘s ways are not ours. SOVEREIGNTY OF YAHUWAH CHAPTER TWO THE SOVEREIGNTY OF YAHUWAH IN CREATION “Thou art worthy, O YHWH, to receive esteemed splendour, and honor, and power: for Thou hast created all things, and for Thy pleasure they are and were created” (Rev. 4:11). Having shown that Sovereignty characterizes the whole Being of YHWH, let us now observe how it marks all His ways and dealings. In the great expanse of eternity which stretches behind Genesis 1:1, the universe was unborn and creation existed only in the mind of the great Creator. In His Sovereign majesty YHWH dwelt all alone. We refer to that far distant period before the heavens and the earth were created. There were then no angels to hymn YHWH ‘s praises, no creatures to occupy His notice, no rebels to be brought into subjection. The great YHWH was all alone amid the awful Silence of His own vast universe. But even at that time, if time it could be called, YHWH was Sovereign. He might create or not create according to His own good pleasure. He might create this way or that way; He might create one world or one million worlds, and who was there to resist His will? He might call into existence a million different creatures and place them on absolute equality, endowing them with the same faculties and placing them in the same environment; or, He might create a million creatures each differing from the others, and possessing nothing in common save their creaturehood, and who was there to challenge His right? If He so pleased, He might call into existence a world so immense that its dimensions were utterly beyond finite computation; and were He so disposed, He might create an organism so small that nothing but the most powerful microscope could reveal its existence to human eyes. It was His Sovereign right to create, on the one hand, the exalted seraphim to burn around His throne, and on the other hand, the tiny insect which dies the same hour that it is born. If the mighty YHWH chose to have one vast gradation in His universe, from loftiest seraph to creeping reptile, from revolving worlds to floating atoms, from macrocosm to microcosm, instead of making everything uniform, who was there to question His Sovereign pleasure? Behold then the exercise of Divine Sovereignty long before man ever saw the light. With whom took YHWH counsel in the creation and disposition of His creatures? See the birds as they fly through the air, the beasts as they roam the earth, the fishes as they swim in the sea, and then ask, Who was it that made them to differ? Was it not their Creator who Sovereignly assigned their various locations and adaptations to them! Turn your eye to the heavens and observe the mysteries of Divine Sovereignty which there confront the thoughtful beholder: “There is one esteemed splendour of the sun, and another esteemed splendour of the moon, and another esteemed splendour of the stars: for one star differeth from another star in esteemed splendour” (1 Cor. 15:41). But why should they? Why should the sun be more glorious than all the other planets? Why should there be stars of the first magnitude and others of the tenth? Why such amazing inequalities? Why should some of the heavenly bodies be more favorably placed than others in their relation to the sun? And why should there be “shooting stars,” falling stars, “wandering stars” (Jude 13), in a word, ruined stars? And the only possible answer is, “For Thy pleasure they are and were created” (Rev. 4:11). Come now to our own planet. Why should two thirds of its surface be covered with water, and why should so much of its remaining third be unfit for human cultivation or habitation? Why should there be vast stretches of marshes, deserts and ice-fields? Why should one country be so inferior, topographically, from another? Why should one be fertile, and another almost barren? Why should one be rich in minerals and another own none? Why should the climate of one be congenial and healthy, and another uncongenial and unhealthy? Why should one abound in rivers and lakes, and another be almost devoid of them? Why should one be constantly troubled with earthquakes, and another be almost entirely free from then? Why? Because thus it pleased the Creator and Upholder of all things. Look at the animal kingdom and note the wondrous variety. What comparison is possible between the lion and the lamb, the bear and the kid, the elephant and the mouse? Some, like the horse and the dog, are gifted with great intelligence; while others, like sheep and swine, are almost devoid of it. Why? Some are designed to be beasts of burden, while others enjoy a life of freedom. But why should the mule and the donkey be shackled to a life of drudgery while the lion and tiger are allowed to roam the jungle at their pleasure? Some are fit for food, others unfit; some are beautiful, others ugly; some are endowed with great strength, others are quite helpless; some are fleet of foot, others can scarcely crawl-contrast the hare and the tortoise; some are of use to man, others appear to be quite valueless; some live for centuries, others a few months at most; some are tame, others fierce. But why all these variations and differences? What is true of the animals is equally true of the birds and fishes. But consider now the vegetable kingdom. Why should roses have thorns, and lilies grow without them? Why should one flower emit a fragrant aroma and another have none? Why should one tree bear fruit which is wholesome and another that which is poisonous? Why should one vegetable be capable of enduring frost and another wither under it? Why should one apple tree be loaded with fruit, and another tree of the same age and in the same orchard be almost barren? Why should one plant flower a dozen times in a year and another bear blossoms but once a century? Truly, “whatsoever YHWH pleased, that did He in Shamayim, and in the earth, in the seas, and all deep places” (Psa. 135:6). Consider the angelic hosts. Surely we shall find uniformity here. But no; thbefore, as elsewhere, the same Sovereign pleasure of the Creator is displayed. Some are higher in rank than others; some are more powerful than others; some are nearer to YHWH than others. Scripture reveals a definite and well-defined gradation in the angelic orders. From arch-angel, past seraphim and cherubim, we come to “principalities and powers” (Eph. 3:10), and from principalities and powers to “rulers” (Eph. 6:12), and then to the angels themselves, and even among them we read of “the elect angels” (1 Tim. 5:21). Again we ask, Why this inequality, this difference in rank and order? And all we can say is “Our YAHUWAH is in the heavens, He hath done whatsoever He hath pleased” (Psa. 115:3). If then we see the Sovereignty of YAHUWAH displayed throughout all creation, why should it be thought a strange thing if we behold it operating in the midst of the human family? Why should it be thought strange if to one YAHUWAH is pleased to give five talents and to another only one? Why should it be thought strange if one is born with a robust constitution and another of the same parents is frail and sickly? Why should it be thought strange if Abel is cut off in his prime, while Cain is suffered to live on for many years? Why should it be thought strange that some should be born black and others white; some be born idiots and others with high intellectual endowments; some be born constitutionally lethargic and others full of energy; some be born with a temperament that is selfish, fiery, egotistical, others who are naturally self-sacrificing, submissive and meek? Why should it be thought strange if some are qualified by nature to lead and rule, while others are only fitted to follow and serve? Heredity and environment cannot account for all these variations and inequalities. No; it is YAHUWAH who maketh one to differ from another. Why should He? “Even so, Father, for so it seemed good in Thy sight” must be our reply. Learn then this basic truth, that the Creator is absolute Sovereign, executing His own will, performing His own pleasure, and considering nought but His own esteemed splendour. “YHWH hath made all things FOR HIMSELF” (Prov. 16:4). And had He not a perfect right to? Since YAHHUWAH is Elohim, who dare challenge His prerogative? To murmur against Him is rank rebellion. To question His ways is to impugn His wisdom. To criticize Him is sin of the deepest dye. Have we forgotten who He is? Behold, “All nations before Him as are nothing; and they are counted to Him less than nothing, and vanity. To whom then will ye liken YAHUWAH?” (Isa. 40:17, 18). SOVEREIGNTY OF YAHUWAH IN ADMINISTRATION “YHWH hath prepared His Throne In the heavens; and His Kingdom ruleth over all” (Psa. 103:19). First, a word concerning the need for YAHUWAH to govern the material world. Suppose the opposite for a moment. For the sake of argument, let us say that YAHUWAH created the world, designed and fixed certain laws (which men term “the laws of Nature”), and that He then withdrew, leaving the world to its fortune and the out-working of these laws. In such a case, we should have a world over which there was no intelligent, presiding Governor, a world controlled by nothing more than impersonal laws-a concept worthy of gross Materialism and blank Atheism. But, I say, suppose it for a moment; and in the light of such a supposition weigh well the following question: What guaranty have we that some day before long the world will not be destroyed? A very superficial observation of ‘the laws of Nature’ reveals the fact that they are not uniform in their working. The proof of this is seen in the fact that no two seasons are alike. If then Nature’s laws are irregular in their operations, what guaranty have we against some dreadful catastrophe striking our earth? “The wind bloweth where it listeth” (pleaseth), which means that man can neither harness nor hinder it. Sometimes the wind blows with great fury, and it might be that it should suddenly gather in volume and velocity until it became a hurricane earth-wide in its range. If there is nothing more than the laws of Nature regulating the wind, then, perhaps tomorrow, there may come a terrific tornado and sweep everything from the surface of the earth! What assurance have we against such a calamity? Again; of late years we have heard and read much about clouds bursting and flooding whole districts, working fearful havoc in the destruction of both property and life. Man is helpless before them, for science can devise no means to prevent clouds bursting. Then how do we know that these bursting clouds will not be multiplied indefinitely and the whole earth be deluged by their downpour? This would be nothing new: why should not the Flood of Noah’s day be repeated? And what of earthquakes? Every few years some island or some great city is swept out of existence by one of them-and what can man do? Where is the guaranty that before long a mammoth earthquake will not destroy the whole world. Science tells us of great subterranean fires burning beneath the comparatively thin crust of our earth. How do we know but what these fires will not suddenly burst forth and consume our entire globe? Surely every reader now sees the point we are seeking to make: Deny that YAHUWAH is governing matter, deny that He is “upholding all things by the word of His power” (Heb. 1:3), and all sense of security is gone! Let us pursue a similar course of reasoning in connection with the human race. Is YAHUWAH governing this world of ours? Is He shaping the destinies of nations, controlling the course of empires, determining the limits of dynasties? Has He prescribed the limits of evil-doers, saying, Thus far shalt thou go and no further? Let us suppose the opposite for a moment. Let us assume that YAHUWAH has delivered over the helm into the hand of His creatures and see where such a supposition leads us. For the sake of argument we will say that every man enters this world endowed with a will that is absolutely free, and that it is impossible to compel or even coerce him without destroying his freedom. Let us say that every man possesses a knowledge of right and wrong, that he has the power to choose between them, and that he is left entirely free to make his own choice and go his own way. Then what? Then it follows that man is Sovereign, for he does as he pleases and is the architect of his own fortune. But in such a case we can have no assurance that before long every man will reject the good and choose the evil. In such a case we have no guaranty against the entire human race committing moral suicide. Let all Divine restraints be removed and man be left absolutely free, and all ethical distinctions would immediately disappear, the spirit of barbarism would prevail universally, and pandemonium would reign supreme. Why not? If one nation deposes its rulers and repudiates its constitution, what is there to prevent all nations from doing the same? If little more than a century ago the streets of Paris ran with the blood of rioters, what assurance have we that before the present century closes every city throughout the world will not witness a similar sight? What is there to hinder earth-wide lawlessness and universal anarchy? Thus we have sought to show the need, the imperative need, for YAHUWAH to occupy the Throne, take the government upon His shoulder, and control the activities and destinies of His creatures. But has the man of faith any difficulty in perceiving the government of YAHUWAH over this world? Does not the anointed eye discern, even amid much seeming confusion and chaos, the hand of the Most High controlling and shaping the affairs of men, even in the common concerns of every day life? Take for example farmers and their crops. Suppose YAHUWAH left them to themselves: what would prevent them, one and all, from grassing their arable lands and devoting themselves exclusively to rearing of cattle and dairying? In such a case there would be a world-famine of wheat and corn! Take the work of the post office. Suppose that everybody decided to write letters on Mondays only, could the authorities cope with the mail on Tuesdays? and how would they occupy their time the balance of the week? So again with storekeepers. What would happen if every housewife did her shopping on Wednesday, and stayed at home the rest of the week? But instead of such things happening, farmers in different countries both raise sufficient cattle and grow enough grain of various kinds to supply the almost incalculable needs of the human race; the mails are almost evenly distributed over the six days of the week; and some women shop on Monday, some on Tuesday, and so on. Do not these things clearly evidence the overruling and controlling hand of YAHUWAH! Having shown, in brief, the imperative need for YAHUWAH to reign over our world, let us now observe still further the fact that YAHUWAH does rule, actually rule, and that His government extends to and is exercised over all things and all creatures. 1. YAHUWAH GOVERNS INANIMATE MATTER. That YAHUWAH governs inanimate matter, that inanimate matter performs His bidding and fulfils His decrees, is clearly shown on the very frontispiece of Divine revelation. YAHUWAH said, “Let there be light,” and we read, “There was light.” YAHUWAH said, “Let the waters under the heavens be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear,” and “it was so.” And again, “YAHUWAH said, Let the earth bring forth grass the herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth: and it was so.” And the Psalmist declares, “He spake and it was done; He commanded, and it stood fast.” What is stated in Genesis One is afterwards illustrated all through the Bible. After the creation of Adam, sixteen centuries went by before ever a shower of rain fell upon the earth, for before Noah “there went up a mist from the earth, and watered the whole face of the ground” (Gen. 2:6). But, when the iniquities of the antediluvians had come to the full, then YAHUWAH said, “And, behold, I even I, do bring a flood of waters upon the earth, to destroy all flesh, wherein is the breath of life, from under Shamayim; and everything that is in the earth shall die”; and in fulfilment of this we read, “In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of Shamayim were opened. And the rain was upon the earth forty days and forty nights” (Gen. 6:17 and 7:11, 12). Witness YAHUWAH ‘s absolute (and Sovereign) control of inanimate matter in connection with the plagues of Egypt. At His bidding the light was turned into darkness and rivers into blood; hail fell, and death came down upon the land of the Nile, until even its haughty monarch was compelled to cry out for deliverance. Note particularly how the inspired record here emphasizes YAHUWAH ‘s absolute control over the elements-“And Moses stretched forth his rod toward Shamayim: and YHWH sent thunder and hail, and the fire ran along upon the ground; and YHWH rained hail upon the land of Egypt. So there was hail, and fire mingled with the hail, very grievous, such as there was none like it in all the land of Egypt since it became a nation. And the hail smote throughout all the land of Egypt all that was in the field, both man and beast; and the hail smote every herb of the field, and brake every tree of the field. Only in the land of Goshen, whbefore the children of Israel were, was there no hail” (Exo. 9:23-26). The same distinction was observed in connection with the ninth plague: “And YHWH said unto Moses, Stretch out thine hand toward Shamayim, that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt, even darkness which may be felt. And Moses stretched forth his hand toward Shamayim; and there was a thick darkness in all the land of Egypt three days: They saw not one another, neither rose any from his place for three days: but all the children of Israel had light in their dwellings” (Exo. 10:21-23). The above examples are by no means isolated cases. At YAHUWAH ‘s decree fire and brimstone descended from Shamayim and the cities of the Plain were destroyed, and a fertile valley was converted into a loathsome sea of death. At His bidding the waters of the Red Sea parted asunder so that the Israelites passed over dry shod, and at His word they rolled back again and destroyed the Egyptians who were pursuing them. A word from Him, and the earth opened her mouth and Korah and his rebellious company were swallowed up. The furnace of Nebuchadnezzar was heated seven times beyond its normal temperature, and into it three of YAHUWAH ‘s children were cast, but the fire did not so much as scorch their clothes, though it slew the men who cast them into it. What a demonstration of the Creator’s governmental control over the elements was furnished when He became flesh and dwelt among men! Behold Him asleep in the boat. A storm arises. The winds roar and the waves are lashed into fury. The disciples who are with Him, fearful lest their little craft should founder, awake their Master, saying, “Carest Thou not that we perish?” And then we read, “And He arose, and rebuked the wind, and said unto the sea, Peace, be still. And the wind ceased, and there was a great calm” (Mark 4:39). Mark again, the sea, at the will of its Creator, bore Him up upon its waves. At a word from Him, the fig-tree withered; at His touch disease fled instantly. The heavenly bodies are also ruled by their Maker and perform His Sovereign pleasure. Take two illustrations. At YAHUWAH ‘s bidding the sun went back ten degrees on the dial of Ahaz to help the weak faith of Hezekiah. In renewed Testament times, YAHUWAH caused a star to herald the incarnation of His Son-the star which appeared unto the wise men of the East. This star, we are told, “went before them till it came and stood over where the young Child was” (Matt. 2:9). What a declaration is this: “He sendeth forth His commandment upon earth: His word runneth very swiftly. He giveth snow like wool: He scattereth the hoar frost like ashes. He casteth forth His ice like morsels: who can stand before His cold? He sendeth out His word, and melteth them: He causeth His wind to blow, and the waters flow” (Psa. 147:15-18). The mutations of the elements are beneath YAHUWAH ‘s Sovereign control. It is YAHUWAH who withholds the rain, and it is YAHUWAH who gives the rain when He wills, where He wills, as He wills, and on whom He wills. Weather Bureaus may attempt to give forecasts of the weather, but how frequently YAHUWAH mocks their calculations! Sun ‘spots,’ the varying activities of the planets, the appearing and disappearing of comets (to which abnormal weather is sometimes attributed), atmospheric disturbances, are merely secondary causes, for behind them all is YAHUWAH Himself. Let His Word speak once more: “And also I have withholden the rain from you, when there were yet three months to the harvest: and I caused it to rain upon one city, and caused it not to rain upon another city: one piece was rained upon, and the piece whereon it rain not withered. So two or three cities wandered unto one city, to drink water; but they were not satisfied: yet have ye not returned unto Me, saith YHWH. I have smitten you with blasting and mildew: when your gardens and your vineyards and your fig trees and your olive trees increased, the palmerworm devoured them: yet have ye not returned unto Me, saith YHWH. I have sent among you the pestilence after the manner of Egypt: your young men have I slain with the sword, and have taken away your horses; and I have made the stink of your camps to come up into your nostrils: yet have ye not returned unto Me, saith YHWH” (Amos 4:7-10). Truly, then, YAHUWAH governs inanimate matter. Earth and air, fire and water, hail and snow, stormy winds and angry seas, all perform the word of His power and fulfil His Sovereign pleasure. Therefore, when we complain about the weather we are, in reality, murmuring against YAHUWAH. 2. YAHUWAH GOVERNS IRRATIONAL CREATURES. What a striking illustration of YAHUWAH ‘s government over the animal kingdom is found in Genesis 2:19! “And out of the ground YHWH ELOHIM formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air: and brought them unto Adam to see what he would call them: and whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that was the name thereof.” Should it be said that this occurred in Eden, and took place before the fall of Adam and the consequent curse which was inflicted on every creature, then our next reference fully meets the objection: YAHUWAH ‘s control of the beasts was again openly displayed at the Flood. Mark how YAHUWAH caused to “come unto” Noah every specie of living creature “of every living thing of all flesh, two of every sort shalt thou bring into the ark, to keep them alive with thee; they shall be male and female. Of fowls after their kind, of every creeping thing after his kind: two of every sort shall come unto thee” (Gen. 6:19, 20)-all were beneath YAHUWAH ‘s Sovereign control. The lion of the jungle, the elephant of the forest, the bear of the polar regions; the ferocious panther, the untameable wolf, the fierce tiger; the high-soaring eagle and the creeping crocodile-see them all in their native fierceness, and yet, quietly submitting to the will of their Creator, and coming two by two into the ark! We referred to the plagues sent upon Egypt as illustrating YAHUWAH ‘s control of inanimate matter, let us now turn to them again to see how they demonstrate His perfect rulership over irrational creatures. At His Word the river brought forth frogs abundantly, and these frogs entered the palace of Pharaoh and the houses of his servants and, contrary to their natural instincts, they entered the beds, the ovens and the kneading troughs (Exo. 8:13). Swarms of flies invaded the land of Egypt, but there were no flies in the land of Goshen! (Exo. 8:22). Next, the cattle were stricken, and we read, “Behold, the hand of YHWH is upon the asses, upon the camels, upon the oxen, and upon the sheep: there shall be a very grievous murrain. And YHWH shall sever between the cattle of Israel and the cattle of Egypt: and there shall nothing die of all that is the children’s of Israel. And YHWH appointed a set time, saying, Tomorrow YHWH shall do this thing in the land. And YHWH did that thing on the morrow, and all the cattle of Egypt died: but of the cattle of the children of Israel died not one” (Exo. 9:3-6). In like manner YAHUWAH sent clouds of locusts to plague Pharaoh and his land, appointing the time of their visitation, determining the course and assigning the limits of their depredations. Angels are not the only ones who do YAHUWAH ‘s bidding. The brute beasts equally perform His pleasure. The sacred ark, the ark of the covenant, is in the country of the Philistines. How is it to be brought back to its home land? Mark the servants of YAHUWAH ‘s choice, and how completely they were beneath His control: “And the Philistines called for the priests and the diviners saying, What shall we do to the ark of YHWH? tell us wherewith we shall send it to his place. And they said… Now therefore make a new cart, and take two lactating kine, on which there hath come no yoke, and tie the kine to the cart, and bring their calves home from them: And take the ark of YHWH, and lay it upon the cart; and put the jewels of gold, which ye return Him for a trespass offering, in a coffer by the side thereof, and send it away that it may go. And see, if it goeth up by the way of his own coast to Bethshemesh, then He hath done us this great evil: but if not, then we shall know that it is not His hand that smote us; it was a chance that happened to us.” And what happened? How striking the sequel! “And the kine took the straight way to the way of Bethshemesh, and went along the highway, lowing as they went, and turned not aside to the right hand or to the left” (1 Sam. 6:12). Equally striking is the case of Elijah: “And the word of YHWH came unto him, saying, Get thee hence, and hide thyself by the brook Cherith, that is before Jordan. And it shall be, that thou shalt drink of the brook; and I have commanded the ravens to feed thee there” (1 Kings 17:2-4). The natural instinct of these birds of prey was held in subjection, and instead of consuming the food themselves, they carried it to YAHUWAH’s servant in his solitary retreat. Is further proof required? then it is ready at hand. YAHUWAH makes a dumb ass to rebuke the prophet’s madness. He sends forth two she-bears from the woods to devour forty and two of Elijah’s tormentors. In fulfillment of His word, He causes the dogs to lick up the blood of the wicked Jezebel. He seals the mouths of Babylon’s lions when Daniel is cast into the den, though, later, He causes them to devour the prophet’s accusers. He prepares a great fish to swallow the disobedient Jonah and then, when His ordained hour struck, compelled it to vomit him forth on dry land. At His biding a fish carries a coin to Peter for tribute money, and in order to fulfill His word He makes the cock crow twice after Peter’s denial. Thus we see that YAHUWAH reigns over irrational creatures: beasts of the field, birds of the air, fishes of the sea, all perform His Sovereign bidding. 3. YAHUWAH GOVERNS THE CHILDREN OF MEN. We fully appreciate the fact that this is the most difficult part of our subject, and, accordingly, it will be dealt with at greater length in the pages that follow; but at present we consider the fact of YAHUWAH ‘s government over men in general, before we attempt to deal with the problem in detail. Two alternatives confront us, and between them we are obliged to choose: either YAHUWAH governs, or He is governed; either YAHUWAH rules, or He is ruled; either YAHUWAH has His way, or men have theirs. And is our choice between these alternatives hard to make? Shall we say that in man we behold a creature so unruly that he is beyond YAHUWAH ‘s control? Shall we say that sin has alienated the sinner so far from the Set-Apart One that he is outside the pale of His jurisdiction? Or, shall we say that man has been endowed with moral responsibility, and therefore YAHUWAH must leave him entirely free, at least during the period of his probation? Does it necessarily follow because the natural man is an outlaw against Shamayim, a rebel against the Divine government, that YHWH is unable to fulfil His purpose through him? We mean, not merely that He may overrule the effects of the actions of evil-doers, nor that He will yet bring the wicked to stand before His judgment-bar so that sentence of punishment may be passed upon them-multitudes of unconverted believe these things-but, we mean, that every action of the most lawless of His subjects is entirely beneath His control, yea that the actor is, though unknown to himself, carrying out the secret decrees of the Most High. Was it not thus with Judas? and is it possible to select a more extreme case? If then the arch-rebel was performing the counsel of YAHUWAH is it any greater tax upon our faith to believe the same of all rebels? Our present object is no philosophic inquiry nor metaphysical causistry, but to ascertain the teaching of Scripture upon this profound theme. To the Law and the Testimony, for there only can we learn of the Divine government-its character, its design, its modus operandi, its scope. What then has it pleased YAHUWAH to reveal to us in His blessed Word concerning His rule over the works of His hands, and particularly, over the one who originally was made in His own image and likeness? “In Him we live, and move, and have our being” (Acts 17:28). What a sweeping assertion is this! These words, be it noted, were addressed, not to one of the assemblies of YAHUWAH, not to a company of saints who had reached an exalted plane of spirituality, but to a heathen audience, to those who worshipped “the unknown YAHUWAH” and who “mocked” when they heard of the resurrection of the dead. And yet, to the Athenian philosophers, to the Epicureans and Stoics, the Apostle Paul did not hesitate to affirm that they lived and moved and had their being in YAHUWAH, which signified not only that they owed their existence and preservation to the One who made the world and all things therein, but also that their very actions were encompassed and therefore controlled by YHWH of Shamayim and earth. Compare Daniel 5:23, last clause! “To man belongs the preparations (margin) of the heart, but the answer of the tongue is from YHWH” (Prov. 16:1). Mark that the above declaration is of general application-it is of “man,” not simply of believers, that this is predicated. “A man’s heart devises his way: but YHWH directs his steps” (Prov. 16:9). If YHWH directs the steps of a man, is it not proof that he is being controlled or governed by YAHUWAH? Again: “There are many devices in a man’s heart; nevertheless the counsel of YHWH, that shall stand” (Prov. 19:21). Can this mean anything less than, that no matter what man may desire and plan, it is the will of his Maker which is executed? As an illustration take the “Rich Fool.” The “devices” of his heart are made known to us-“And he thought within himself, saying, What shall I do, because I have no room where to bestow my fruits? And he said, This will I do: I will pull down my barns, and build greater; and there I will bestow all my fruits and my goods. And I will say to my soul, Soul, thou hast much goods laid up for many years; take thine ease, eat, drink, and be merry.” Such were the “devices” of his heart, nevertheless it was “the counsel of YHWH” that stood. The “I will’s” of the rich man came to nought, for “YAHUWAH said unto him, Thou fool, this night shall thy soul be required of thee” (Luke 12:17-20). “The king’s heart is in the hand of YHWH, as the rivers of water: He turneth it whithersoever He will (Prov. 21:1). What could be more explicit? Out of the heart are “the issues of life” (Prov. 4:23), for as a man “thinketh in his heart, so is he” (Prov. 23:7). If then the heart is in the hand of YHWH, and if “He turneth it whithersoever He will,” then is it not clear that men, yea, governors and rulers, and so all men, are completely beneath the governmental control of the Almighty! No limitations must be placed upon the above declarations. To insist that some men, at least, do thwart YAHUWAH ‘s will and overturn His counsels, is to repudiate other Scriptures equally explicit. Weigh well the following: “But He is one mind, and who can turn Him? and what His soul desireth, even that He doeth” (Job 23:13). “The counsel of YHWH standeth for ever, the thoughts of His heart to all generations” (Psa. 33:11). “There is no wisdom nor understanding nor counsel against YHWH” (Prov. 21:30). “For YHWH of hosts hath purposed, and who shall disannul it? And His hand is stretched out, and who shall turn it back?” (Isa. 14:27). “Remember the former things of old: for I am YAHUWAH, and there is none else! I am YAHUWAH, and there is none like Me, declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times the things that are not yet done, saying, My counsel shall stand, and I will do all My pleasure” (Isa. 46:9, 10). There is no ambiguity in these passages. They affirm in the most unequivocal and unqualified terms that it is impossible to bring to naught the purpose of YAHUWAH. We read the Scriptures in vain if we fail to discover that the actions of men, evil men as well as good, are governed by YHWH ELOHIM. Nimrod and his fellows determined to erect the tower of Babel, but before their task was accomplished YAHUWAH frustrated their plans. YAHUWAH called Abraham “alone” (Isa. 51:2), but his kinsfolk accompanied him as he left Ur of the Chaldees. Was then the will of YHWH defeated? Nay, verily. Mark the sequel. Terah died before Canaan was reached (Gen. 11:32), and though Lot accompanied his uncle into the land of promise, he soon separated from him and settled down in Sodom. Jacob was the child to whom the inheritance was promised, and though Isaac sought to reverse YAHUWAH ‘s decree and bestow the blessing upon Esau, his efforts came to naught. Esau again swore vengeance upon Jacob, but when next they met they wept for joy instead of fighting in hate. The brethren of Joseph determined his destruction but their evil counsels were overthrown. Pharaoh refused to let Israel carry out the instructions of YAHUWAH and perished in the Red Sea for his pains. Balak hired Balaam to curse the Israelites but YAHUWAH compelled him to bless them. Haman erected a gallows for Mordecai but was hanged upon it himself. Jonah resisted the revealed will of YAHUWAH but what became of his efforts? Ah, the heathen may “rage” and the people imagine a “vain thing”; the kings of earth may “set themselves,” and the rulers take counsel together against YHWH and against His Messiah, saying, “Let us break Their bands asunder, and cast away Their cords from us (Psa. 2:1-3). But is the great YAHUWAH perturbed or disturbed by the rebellion of his puny creatures? No, indeed: “He that sitteth in the heavens shall laugh: YHWH shall have them in derision” (v. 4). He is infinitely exalted above all, and the greatest confederacies or earth’s pawns, and their most extensive and vigorous preparations to defeat His purpose are, in His sight, altogether purile. He looks upon their puny efforts, not only without any alarm, but He “laughs” at their folly; He treats their impotency with “derision.” He knows that He can crush them like moths when He pleases, or consume them in a moment with the breath of His mouth. Ah, it is but “a vain thing” for the potsherds of the earth to strive with the glorious Majesty of Shamayim. Such is our YAHUWAH; worship ye Him. Mark, too, the Sovereignty which YAHUWAH displayed in His dealings with men! Moses who was slow of speech, and not Aaron his elder brother who was not slow of speech, was the one chosen to be His ambassador in demanding from Egypt’s monarch the release of His oppressed people. Moses again, though greatly beloved, utters one hasty word and was excluded from Canaan; whereas Elijah, passionately murmurs and suffers but a mild rebuke, and was afterwards taken to Shamayim without seeing death! Uzzah merely touched the ark and was instantly slain, whereas the Philistines carried it off in insulting triumph and suffered no immediate harm. Displays of favour which would have brought a doomed Sodom to repentance failed to move an highly privileged Capernaum. Mighty works which would have subdued Tyre and Sidon left the upbraided cities of Galilee under the curse of a rejected good news. If they would have prevailed over the former, why were they not wrought there? If they proved ineffectual to deliver the latter then why perform them? What exhibitions are these of the Sovereign will of the Most High! 4. YAHUWAH GOVERNS ANGELS: BOTH GOOD AND EVIL ANGELS. The angels are YAHUWAH ‘s servants, His messengers, His chariots. They ever hearken to the word of His mouth and do His commands. “And YAHUWAH sent an angel unto Jerusalem to destroy it: and as he was destroying, YHWH beheld, and He repented Him of the evil, and said to the angel that destroyed. It is enough, stay now thine hand… And YHWH commanded the angel; and he put his sword again into the sheath thereof” (1 Chron. 21:15, 27). Many other Scriptures might be cited to show that the angels are in subjection to the will of their Creator and perform His bidding -“And when Peter was come to himself, he said, Now I know of a surety, that YHWH hath sent His angel, and hath delivered me out of the hand of Herod” (Acts 12:11). “And YHWH ELOHIM of the set-apart prophets sent His angel to shew unto His servants the things which must shortly be done” (Rev. 22:6). So it will be when our Saviour returns: “The Son of Man shall send forth His angels and they shall gather out of His kingdom all things that offend, and them which do iniquity” (Matt. 13:41). Again, we read, “He shall send His angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together His elect from the four winds, from one end of Shamayim to the other” (Matt. 24:31). The same is true of evil spirits: they, too, fulfil YAHUWAH ‘s Sovereign decrees. An evil spirit is sent by YAHUWAH to stir up rebellion in the camp of Abimelech: “Then YAHUWAH sent an evil spirit between Abimelech and the men of Shechem,” which aided him in the killing of his brethren (Judges 9:23). Another evil spirit He sent to be a lying spirit in the mouth of Ahab’s prophets-“Now therefore, behold, YHWH hath put a lying spirit in the mouth of all these thy prophets, and YHWH hath spoken evil concerning thee” (1 Kings 22:23). And yet another was sent by YHWH to trouble Saul-“But the Spirit of YHWH departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from YHWH troubled him” (1 Sam. 16:14). So, too, in the renewed Testament: a whole legion of the demons go not out of their victim until YHWH gave them permission to enter the herd of swine. It is clear from Scripture, then, that the angels, good and evil, are under YAHUWAH ‘s control, and willingly or unwillingly carry out YAHUWAH ‘s purpose. Yea, SATAN himself is absolutely subject to YAHUWAH ‘s control. When arraigned in Eden, he listened to the awful sentence but answered not a word. He was unable to touch Job until YAHUWAH granted him leave. So, too, he had to gain YAHUSHUA ‘s consent before he could “sift” Peter. When Messiah commanded him to depart-“Get thee hence, Satan”-we read, “Then the Devil leaveth Him” (Matt. 4:11). And, in the end, he will be cast into the Lake of Fire which has been prepared for him and his angels. YHWH ELOHIM omnipotent reigneth. His government is exercised over inanimate matter, over the brute beasts, over the children of men, over angels good and evil, and over Satan himself. No revolving world, no shining of star, no storm, no creature moves, no actions of men, no errands of angels, no deeds of Devil-nothing in all the vast universe can come to pass otherwise than YAHUWAH has eternally purposed. Here is a foundation of faith. Here is a resting place for the intellect. Here is an anchor for the soul, both sure and steadfast. It is not blind fate, unbridled evil, man or Devil, but YHWH Almighty who is ruling the world, ruling it according to His own good pleasure and for His own eternal esteemed splendour. CHAPTER FOUR THE SOVEREIGNTY OF YAHUWAH IN SALVATION “O the depths of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of YAHUWAH! how unsearchable are His judgments, and His ways past finding out” (Rom. 11:33). “Salvation is of YHWH” (Jonah 2:9); but YHWH does not save all. Why not? He does save some; then if He saves some, why not others? Is it because they are too sinful and depraved? No; for the Apostle wrote, “This is a faithful saying, and worthy of all acceptation, that Messiah YAHUSHUA came into the world to save sinners; of whom I am chief” (1 Tim. 1:15). Therefore, if YAHUWAH saved the “chief” of sinners, none are excluded because of their depravity. Why then does not YAHUWAH save all? Is it because some are too stony-hearted to be won? No; because it is written, that YAHUWAH will “take the stony heart out of their flesh, and will give them a heart of flesh” (Ezek. 11:19). Then is it because some are so stubborn, so intractable, so defiant that YAHUWAH is unable to woo them to Himself? Before we answer this question let us ask another; let us appeal to the experience of the Messianic reader. Friend, was there not a time when you walked in the counsel of the wicked, stood in the way of sinners, sat in the seat of the scorners, and with them said, “We will not have this Man to reign over us” (Luke 19:14)? Was there not a time when you “would not come to Messiah that you might have life” (John 5:40)? Yea, was there not a time when you mingled your voice with those who said unto YAHUWAH, “Depart from us; for we desire not the knowledge of Thy ways. What is the Almighty, that we should serve Him? and what profit should we have, if we pray unto Him?” (Job 21:14, 15)? With shamed face you have to acknowledge there was. But how is it that all is now changed? What was it that brought you from haughty self-sufficiency to a humble suppliant; from one that was at enmity with YAHUWAH to one that is at peace with Him; from lawlessness to subjection; from hate to love? And as one ‘born of the Spirit’ you will readily reply, “By the favour of YAHUWAH I am what I am” (1 Cor. 15:10). Then do you not see that it is due to no lack of power in YAHUWAH, nor to His refusal to coerce man, that other rebels are not saved too? If YAHUWAH was able to subdue your will and win your heart, and that without interfering with your moral responsibility, then is He not able to do the same for others? Assuredly He is. Then how inconsistent, how illogical, how foolish of you, in seeking to account for the present course of the wicked and their ultimate fate, to argue that YAHUWAH is unable to save them, that they will not let Him. Do you say, “But the time came when I was willing, willing to receive Messiah as my Saviour”? True, but it was YHWH who made you willing (Psa. 110:3; Phil. 2:13); why then does He not make all sinners willing? Why, but for the fact that He is Sovereign and does as He pleases! But to return to our opening inquiry. Why is it that all are not saved, particularly all who hear the good news? Do you still answer, Because the majority refuse to believe? Well, that is true, but it is only a part of the truth. It is the truth from the human side. But there is a Divine side too, and this side of the truth needs to be stressed or YAHUWAH will be robbed of His esteemed splendour. The unsaved are lost because they refuse to believe; the others are saved because they believe. But why do these others believe? What is it that causes them to put their trust in Messiah? Is it because they are more intelligent than their fellows, and quicker to discern their need of salvation? Perish the thought-“Who maketh thee to differ from another? And what hast thou that thou didst not receive? Now if thou didst receive it, why dost thou esteem thyself, as if thou hadst not received it?” (1 Cor. 4:7). It is YAHUWAH Himself who maketh the difference between the elect and the non-elect, for of His own it is written, “And we know that the Son of YAHUWAH is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know Him that is true” (1 John 5:20). Faith is YAHUWAH ‘s gift, and “all men have not faith” (2 Thess. 3:2); therefore, we see that YAHUWAH does not bestow this gift upon all. Upon whom then does He bestow this saving favor? And we answer, upon His own elect-“As many as were ordained to eternal life believed” (Acts 13:48). Hence it is that we read of “the faith of YAHUWAH ‘s elect” (Titus 1:1). But is YAHUWAH partial in the distribution of His favors? Has He not the right to be? Are there still some who murmur against the Goodman of the house’? Then His own words are sufficient reply-“Is it not lawful for Me to do what I will with Mine own?” (Matt. 20:15). YAHUWAH is Sovereign in the bestowment of His gifts, both in the natural and in the spiritual realms. So much then for a general statement, and now to particularize. 1. THE SOVEREIGNTY OF YAHUWAH THE FATHER IN SALVATION. Perhaps the one Scripture which most emphatically of all asserts the absolute Sovereignty of
  2. The first post was copied and adapted from a book written by Author Pink (1886 – 1952). Hope the Ruwach message is clear to discern. HallelYah.

    Perhaps the one Scripture which most emphatically of all asserts the absolute Sovereignty of YAHUWAH in connection with His determining the destiny of His creatures, is the Ninth of Romans. We shall not attempt to review here the entire chapter, but will confine ourselves to verses 21-23- “Hath not the potter power over the clay of the same lump, to make one vessel unto honor, and another unto dishonor? What if YAHUWAH, willing to show His wrath, and to make His power known, endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction: And that He might make known the riches of His esteemed splendour on the vessels of mercy, which He had afore prepared unto esteem?” These verses represent fallen mankind as inert and as impotent as a lump of lifeless clay. This Scripture evidences that there is “no difference,” in themselves, between the elect and the non-elect; they are clay of “the same lump,” which agrees with Ephesians 2:3, where we are told that all are by nature “children of wrath.” It teaches us that the ultimate destiny of every individual is decided by the will of YAHUWAH, and blessed it is that such be the case; if it were left to our wills, the ultimate destination of us all would be the Lake of Fire. It declares that YAHUWAH Himself does make a difference in the respective destinations to which He assigns His creatures, for one vessel is made “unto honor and another unto dishonor”; some are “vessels of wrath fitted to destruction,” others are “vessels of mercy, which He had afore prepared unto esteemed splendour.”
    We readily acknowledge that it is very humbling to the proud heart of the creature to behold all mankind in the hand of YAHUWAH as the clay in the potter’s hand, yet this is precisely how the Scriptures of Truth represent the case. In this day of human boasting, intellectual pride, and deification of man, it needs to be insisted upon that the potter forms his vessels for himself. Let man strive with his Maker as he will, the fact remains that he is nothing more than clay in the Heavenly Potter’s hands, and while we know that YAHUWAH will deal justly with His creatures, that the Judge of all the earth will do right, nevertheless, He shapes His vessels for His own purpose and according to His own pleasure. YAHUWAH claims the indisputable right to do as He wills with His own.
    Not only has YAHUWAH the right to do as He wills with the creatures of His own hands, but He exercises this right, and nowhere is that seen more plainly than in His predestinating favour. Before the foundation of the world YAHUWAH made a choice, a selection, an election. Before His omniscient eye stood the whole of Adam’s race, and from it He singled out a people and predestinated them “to be conformed to the image of His Son,” “ordained” them unto eternal life. Many are the Scriptures which set forth this blessed truth, seven of which will now engage our attention.
    “As many as were ordained to eternal life, believed” (Acts 13:48). Every artifice of human ingenuity has been employed to blunt the sharp edge of this Scripture and to explain away the obvious meaning of these words, but it has been employed in vain, though nothing will ever be able to reconcile this and similar passages to the mind of the natural man. “As many as were ordained to eternal life, believed.” Here we learn four things: First, that believing is the consequence and not the cause of YAHUWAH ‘s decree. Second, that a limited number only are “ordained to eternal life,” for if all men without exception were thus ordained by YAHUWAH, then the words “as many as” are a meaningless qualification. Third, that this “ordination” of YAHUWAH is not to mere external privileges but to “eternal life,” not to service but to salvation itself. Fourth, that all-“as many as,” not one less-who are thus ordained by YAHUWAH to eternal life will most certainly believe.
    The comments of the beloved Spurgeon on the above passage are well worthy of our notice. Said he, “Attempts have been made to prove that these words do not teach predestination, but these attempts so clearly do violence to language that I shall not waste time in answering them. I read: ‘As many as were ordained to eternal life believed,’ and I shall not twist the text but shall glorify the favour of YAHUWAH by ascribing to that favour the faith of every man. Is it not YAHUWAH who gives the disposition to believe? If men are disposed to have eternal life, does not He-in every case-dispose them? Is it wrong for YAHUWAH to give favour? If it be right for Him to give it, is it wrong for Him to purpose to give it? Would you have Him give it by accident? If it is right for Him to purpose to give favour today, it was right for Him to purpose it before today-and, since He changes not-from eternity.”
    “Even so then at this present time also there is a remnant according to the election of favour. And if by favour, then it is no more of works: otherwise favour is no more favour. But if it be of works, then is it no more favour: otherwise work is no more work” (Rom. 11:5, 6). The words “Even so” at the beginning of this quotation refer us to the previous verse where we are told, “I have reserved to Myself seven thousand men who have not bowed the knee to Baal.” Note particularly the word “reserved.” In the days of Elijah there were seven thousand-a small minority-who were Divinely preserved from idolatry and brought to the knowledge of the true YAHUWAH. This preservation and illumination was not from anything in themselves, but solely by YAHUWAH ‘s special influence and agency. How highly favored such individuals were to be thus “reserved” by YAHUWAH! Now says the Apostle, Just as there was a “remnant” in Elijah’s days “reserved by YAHUWAH,” even so there is in this present dispensation.
    “A remnant according to the election of favour.” Here the cause of election is traced back to its source. The basis upon which YAHUWAH elected this “remnant” was not faith foreseen in them, because a choice founded upon the foresight of good works is just as truly made on the ground of works as any choice can be, and in such a case it would not be “of favour”; for, says the Apostle, “if by favour, then it is no more of works: otherwise favour is no more favour”; which means that favour and works are opposites, they have nothing in common, and will no more mingle than oil and water. Thus the idea of inherent good foreseen in those chosen, or of anything meritorious performed by them, is rigidly excluded. “A remnant according to the election of favour” signifies an unconditional choice resulting from the Sovereign favor of YAHUWAH; in a word, it is absolutely a gratuitous election.
    “For ye see your calling, brethren, how that not many wise men after the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble, are called: But YAHUWAH hath chosen the foolish things of the world to confound the wise; and YAHUWAH hath chosen the weak things of the world to confound the things which are mighty: and base things of the world, and things which are despised, hath YAHUWAH chosen, yea, and things which are not, to bring to nought things that are: That no flesh should be esteemed in His presence” (1 Cor. 1:26-29). Three times over in this passage reference is made to YAHUWAH ‘s choice, and choice necessarily supposes a selection, the taking of some and the leaving of others. The Chooser here is YAHUWAH Himself, as said YHWH YAHUSHUA to the Apostles, “Ye have not chosen Me, but I have chosen you” (John 15:16). The number chosen is strictly defined-“not many wise men after the flesh, not many noble,” etc., which agree with Matthew 20:16, “So the last shall be first, and the first last; for many be called, but few chosen.” So much then for the fact of YAHUWAH ‘s choice; now mark the objects of His choice.
    The ones spoken of above as chosen of YAHUWAH are “the weak things of the world, base things of the world, and things which are despised.” But why? To demonstrate and magnify His favour. YAHUWAH ‘s ways as well as His thoughts are utterly at variance with man’s. The carnal mind would have supposed that a selection had been made from the ranks of the opulent and influential, the amiable and cultured, so that Christianity might have won the approval and applause of the world by its pageantry and fleshly esteemed splendour. Ah, but “that which is highly esteemed among men is abomination in the sight of YAHUWAH” (Luke 16:15). YAHUWAH chooses the “base things.” He did so in Old Testament times. The nation which He singled out to be the depository of His set-apart oracles and the channel through which the promised Seed should come was not the ancient Egyptians, the imposing Babylonians, nor the highly civilized and cultured Greeks. No; that people upon whom YAHUWAH set His love and regarded as ‘the apple of His eye’ were the despised, nomadic Hebrews. So it was when our Saviour tabernacled among men. The ones whom He took into favored intimacy with Himself and commissioned to go forth as His ambassadors were, for the most part, unlettered fishermen. And so it has been ever since. So it is today: at the present rates of increase, it will not be long before it is manifested that YHWH has more in despised China who are really His, than He has in the highly favored U.S.A.; more among the uncivilized blacks of Africa, than He has in cultured (?) Germany! And the purpose of YAHUWAH ‘s choice, the raison d’ etre of the selection He has made is, “that no flesh should be exalted in esteem in His presence”. There being nothing whatever in the objects of His choice which should entitle them to His special favors, then, all the praise will be freely ascribed to the exceeding riches of His manifold favour.
    “Blessed be the YAHUWAH and Father of our Saviour YAHUSHUA Messiah, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Messiah: According as He hath chosen us in Him before the foundation of the world, that we should be set-apart and without blame before Him; having predestined us unto the adoption of children by YAHUSHUA Messiah to Himself, according to the good pleasure of His will… In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestined according to the purpose of Him who works all things after the counsel of His own will” (Eph. 1:3-5, 11). Here again we are told at what point in time-if time it could be called-when YAHUWAH made choice of those who were to be His children by YAHUSHUA Messiah. It was not after Adam had fallen and plunged his race into sin and wretchedness, but long before Adam saw the light, even before the world itself was founded, that YAHUWAH chose us in Messiah. Here also we learn the purpose which YAHUWAH had before Him in connection with His own elect: it was that they “should be set-apart and without blame before Him”; it was “unto the adoption of children”; it was that they should “obtain an inheritance.” Here also we discover the motive which prompted Him. It was “in love that He predestined us unto the adoption of children by YAHUSHUA Messiah to Himself”-a statement which refutes the oft made and wicked charge that, for YAHUWAH to decide the eternal destiny of His creatures before they are born, is tyrannical and unjust. Finally, we are informed here, that in this matter He took counsel with none, but that we are “predestined according to the good pleasure of His will.”
    “But we are bound to give thanks always to YAHUWAH for you, brethren beloved of YHWH, because YAHUWAH hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation through sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth” (2 Thess. 2:13). There are three things here which deserve special attention. First, the fact that we are expressly told that YAHUWAH ‘s elect are “chosen to salvation.” Language could not be more explicit. How summarily do these words dispose of the sophistries and equivocations of all who would make election refer to nothing but external privileges or rank in service! It is to “salvation” itself that YAHUWAH hath chosen us. Second, we are warned here that election unto salvation does not disregard the use of appropriate means: salvation is reached through “sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth.” It is not true that because YAHUWAH has chosen a certain one to salvation that he will be saved willy-nilly, whether he believes or not: nowhere do the Scriptures so represent it. The same YAHUWAH who predestined the end also appointed the means; the same YAHUWAH who “chose unto salvation” decreed that His purpose should be realized through the work of the Spirit and belief of the truth. Third, that YAHUWAH has chosen us unto salvation is a profound cause for fervent praise. Note how strongly the Apostle expresses this-“we are bound to give thanks always to YAHUWAH for you, brethren beloved of YHWH, because YAHUWAH hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation,” etc. Instead of shrinking hack in horror from the doctrine of predestination, the believer, when he sees this blessed truth as it is unfolded in the Word, discovers a ground for gratitude and thanksgiving such as nothing else affords, save the unspeakable gift of the Redeemer Himself.
    “Who hath saved us, and called us with a set-apart calling, not according to our works, but according to His own purpose and favour, which was given us in Messiah YAHUSHUA before the world began” (2 Tim. 1:9). How plain and pointed is the language of set-apart Writ! It is man who, by his words, darkens counsel. It is impossible to state the case more clearly, or strongly, than it is stated here. Our salvation is not “according to our works”; that is to say, it is not due to anything in us, nor the rewarding of anything from us; instead, it is the result of YAHUWAH ‘s own “purpose and favour”; and this favour was given us in Messiah YAHUSHUA before the world began. It is by favour we are saved, and in the purpose of YAHUWAH this favour was bestowed upon us not only before we saw the light, not only before Adam’s fall, but even before that far distant “beginning” of Genesis 1:1. And herein lies the unassailable comfort of YAHUWAH ‘s people. If His choice has been from eternity it will last to eternity! “Nothing can survive to eternity but what came from eternity, and what has so come, will” (George S. Bishop).
    “Elect according to the foreknowledge of YAHUWAH the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of YAHUSHUA Messiah” (1 Peter 1:2). Here again election by the Father precedes the work of the set-apart Spirit in, and the obedience of faith by, those who are saved; thus taking it entirely off creature ground, and resting it in the Sovereign pleasure of the Almighty. The “foreknowledge of YAHUWAH the Father” does not here refer to His prescience of all things, but signifies that the saints were all eternally present in Messiah before the mind of YAHUWAH. YAHUWAH did not “foreknow” that certain ones who heard the good news would believe it apart from the fact that He had “ordained” these certain ones to eternal life. What YAHUWAH ‘s prescience saw in all men was, love of sin and hatred of Himself. The “foreknowledge” of YAHUWAH is based upon His own decrees as is clear from Acts 2:23-“Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of YAHUWAH, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain”-note the order here: first YAHUWAH ‘s “determinate counsel” (His decree), and second His “foreknowledge.” So it is again in Romans 8:28, 29, “For whom He did foreknow, He also did predestine to be conformed to the image of His Son,” but the first word here, “for,” looks back to the preceding verse and the last clause of its reads, “to them who are the called according to His purpose”-these are the ones whom He did “foreknow and predestine.” Finally, it needs to be pointed out that when we read in Scripture of YAHUWAH “knowing” certain people the word is used in the sense of knowing with approbation and love: “But if any man love YAHUWAH, the same is known of Him” (1 Cor. 8:3). To the hypocrites Messiah will yet say “I never knew you”-He never loved them. “Elect according to the foreknowledge of YAHUWAH the Father” signifies, then, chosen by Him as the special objects of His approbation and love.
    Summarizing the teaching of these seven passages we learn that, YAHUWAH has “ordained to eternal life” certain ones, and that in consequence of His ordination they, in due time, “believe”; that YAHUWAH ‘s ordination to salvation of His own elect is not due to any good thing in them nor to anything meritorious from them, but solely of “His favour”; that YAHUWAH has designedly selected the most unlikely objects to be the recipients of His special favour in order that “no flesh should be esteemed in His presence”; that YAHUWAH chose His people in Messiah before the foundation of the world, not because they were so, but in order that they “should be set-apart and without blame before Him”; that having selected certain ones to salvation. He also decreed the means by which His eternal counsel should be made good; that the very “favour” by which we are saved was, in YAHUWAH ‘s purpose, “given us in Messiah YAHUSHUA before the world began”; that long before they were actually created YAHUWAH ‘s elect stood present before His mind, were “foreknown” by Him, i.e., were the definite objects of His eternal love.
    Before turning to the next division of this chapter, a further word concerning the subjects of YAHUWAH ‘s predestining favour. We go over this ground again because it is at this point that the doctrine of YAHUWAH ‘s Sovereignty in predestining certain ones to salvation is most frequently assaulted. Perverts of this truth invariably seek to find some cause outside YAHUWAH ‘s own will which moves Him to bestow salvation on sinners; something or other is attributed to the creature which entitles him to receive mercy at the hands of the Creator. We return then to the question, Why did YAHUWAH choose the ones He did?
    What was there in the elect themselves which attracted YAHUWAH ‘s heart to them? Was it because of certain virtues they possessed? because they were generous-hearted, sweet-tempered, truth-speaking? in a word, because they were “good,” that YAHUWAH chose them? No; for our Saviour said, “There is none good but one, that is YAHUWAH” (Matt. 19:17). Was it because of any good works they had performed? No; for it is written, “There is none that doeth good, no, not one” (Rom. 3:12). Was it because they evidenced an earnestness and zeal in inquiring after YAHUWAH? No; for it is written again, “There is none that seeks after YAHUWAH” (Rom. 3:11). Was it because YAHUWAH foresaw they would believe? No; for how can those who are “dead in trespasses and sins” believe in Messiah? How could YAHUWAH foreknow some men as believers when belief was impossible to them? Scripture declares that we “believe through favour” (Acts 18:27). Faith is YAHUWAH ‘s gift, and apart from this gift none would believe. The cause of His choice then lies within Himself and not in the objects of His choice. He chose the ones He did simply because He chose to choose them.
    “Sons we are by YAHUWAH ‘s election
    Who on YAHUSHUA Messiah believe,
    By eternal destination,
    Sovereign favour we now receive,
    YHWH Thy mercy,
    Doth both favour and esteem and splendour give!”

    For whom did Messiah die? It surely does not need arguing that the Father had an express purpose in giving Him to die, or that YAHUWAH the Son had a definite design before Him in laying down His life-“Known unto YAHUWAH are all His works from the beginning of the world” (Acts 15:18). What then was the purpose of the Father and the design of the Son. We answer, Messiah died for “YAHUWAH ‘s elect.”
    We are not unmindful of the fact that the limited design in the death of Messiah has been the subject of much controversy-what great truth revealed in Scripture has not? Nor do we forget that anything which has to do with the Person and work of our blessed Saviour requires to be handled with the utmost reverence, and that a “Thus says YHWH” must be given in support of every assertion we make. Our appeal shall be to the Law and to the Testimony.
    For whom did Messiah die? Who were the ones He intended to redeem by His blood-shedding? Surely YHWH YAHUSHUA had some absolute determination before Him when He went to the Cross. If He had, then it necessarily follows that the extent of that purpose was limited, because an absolute determination of purpose must be effected. If the absolute determination of Messiah included all mankind, then all mankind would most certainly be saved. To escape this inevitable conclusion many have affirmed that there was not such absolute determination before Messiah, that in His death a merely conditional provision of salvation has been made for all mankind. The refutation of this assertion is found in the promises made by the Father to His Son before He went to the Cross, yea, before He became incarnate. The Old Testament Scriptures represent the Father as promising the Son a certain reward for His sufferings on behalf of sinners. At this stage we shall confine ourselves to one or two statements recorded in the well known Fifty-third of Isaiah. There we find YAHUWAH saying, “When Thou shall make His soul an offering for sin, He shall see His seed,” that “He shall see of the travail of His soul, and shall be satisfied,” and that YAHUWAH ‘s righteous Servant “should justify many” (vv. 10 and 11). But here we would pause and ask, How could it be certain that Messiah should “see His seed,” and “see of the travail of His soul and be satisfied,” unless the salvation of certain members of the human race had been Divinely decreed, and therefore was sure? How could it be certain that Messiah should “justify many,” if no effectual provision was made that any should receive Him as their YHWH and Saviour? On the other hand, to insist that YHWH YAHUSHUA did expressly purpose the salvation of all mankind is to charge Him with that which no intelligent being should be guilty of, namely, to design that which by virtue of His omniscience He knew would never come to pass. Hence, the only alternative left us is that, so far as the pre-determined purpose of His death is concerned Messiah died for the elect only. Summing up in a sentence, which we trust will be intelligible to every reader, we would say, Messiah died not merely to make possible the salvation of all mankind, but to make certain the salvation of all that the Father had given to Him. Messiah died not simply to render sins pardonable, but “to put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself” (Heb. 9:26). As to whose “sin” (i.e., guilt, as in 1 John 1:7, etc.) has been “put away,” Scripture leaves us in no doubt-it was that of the elect, the “world” (John 1:29) of YAHUWAH ‘s people!
    (1) The limited design in the Atonement follows, necessarily, from the eternal choice of the Father of certain ones unto salvation. The Scriptures inform us that before YHWH became incarnate He said, “Lo, I come, to do Thy will O YAHUWAH” (Heb. 10:7), and after He had become incarnate He declared, “For I came down from heaven, not to do Mine own will, but the will of Him that sent Me” (John 6:38). If then YAHUWAH had from the beginning chosen certain ones to salvation, then, because the will of Messiah was in perfect accord with the will of the Father, He would not seek to enlarge upon His election. What we have just said is not merely a plausible deduction of our own, but is in strict harmony with the express teaching of the Word. Again and again our Saviour referred to those whom the Father had “given” Him, and concerning whom He was particularly exercised. Said He, “All that the Father gives Me shall come to Me; and him that comes to Me I will in no wise cast out… And this is the Father’s will which hath sent Me, that of all which He has given Me I should lose nothing, but should raise it up again at the last day” (John 6:37, 39). And again, “These words spoke YAHUSHUA, and lifted up His eyes to heaven, and said, Father, the hour is come; glorify Thy Son, that Thy Son also may glorify Thee; As Thou hast given Him power over all flesh, that He should give eternal life to as many as Thou hast given Him…I have manifested Thy name unto the men which Thou gave Me out of the world: Yours they were, and Thou gave them Me; and they have kept Thy Word… I pray for them: I pray not for the world, but for them which Thou hast given Me; for they are Yours… Father, I will that they also, whom Thou hast given Me, be with Me where I am; that they may behold My excellent splendour, which Thou hast given Me: for Thou loved Me before the foundation of the world” (John 17:1, 2, 6, 9, 24). Before the foundation of the world the Father predestined a people to be conformed to the image of His Son, and the death and resurrection of YHWH YAHUSHUA was in order to the carrying out of the Divine purpose.
    (2) The very nature of the Atonement evidences that, in its application to sinners, it was limited in the purpose of YAHUWAH. The Atonement of Messiah may be considered from two chief viewpoints-Elohim-ward and man-ward. Elohim-ward, the Cross-work of Messiah was a propitiation, an appeasing of Divine wrath, a satisfaction rendered to Divine justice and set-apartness; man-ward, it was a substitution, the Innocent taking the place of the guilty, the Just dying for the unjust. But a strict substitution of a Person for persons, and the infliction upon Him of voluntary sufferings, involve the definite recognition on the part of the Substitute and of the One He is to propitiate of the persons for whom He acts, whose sins He bears, whose legal obligations He discharges. Furthermore, if the Lawgiver accepts the satisfaction which is made by the Substitute, then those for whom the Substitute acts, whose place He takes, must necessarily be acquitted. If I am in debt and unable to discharge it and another comes forward and pays my creditor in full and receives a receipt in acknowledgment, then, in the sight of the law, my creditor no longer has any claim upon me. On the Cross YHWH YAHUSHUA gave Himself a ransom, and that it was accepted by YAHUWAH was attested by the open grave three days later; the question we would here raise is, For whom was this ransom offered? If it was offered for all mankind then the debt incurred by every man has been cancelled. If Messiah bore in His own body on the tree the sins of all men without exception, then none will perish. If Messiah was “made a curse” for all of Adam’s race then none are now “under condemnation.” “Payment YAHUWAH cannot twice demand, first at my bleeding Surety’s hand and then again at mine.” But Messiah did not discharge the debts of all men without exception, for some there are who will be ‘”cast into prison” (cf. 1 Peter 3:19 where the same Greek word for “prison” occurs), and they shall “by no means come out thence, till they have paid the uttermost farthing” (Matt. 5:26), which, of course, will never be. Messiah did not bear the sins of all mankind, for some there are who “die in their sins” (John 8:21), and whose “sin remains” (John 9:41). Messiah was not “made a curse” for all of Adam’s race, for some there are to whom He will yet say, “Depart from Me ye cursed” (Matt. 25:41). To say that Messiah died for all alike, to say that He became the Substitute and Surety of the whole human race, to say that He suffered on behalf of and in the stead of all mankind, is to say that He “bore the curse for many who are now bearing the curse for themselves; that He suffered punishment for many who will lift up their own eyes in Hell, being in torments; that He paid the redemption price for many who shall yet pay in their own eternal anguish the wages of sin, which is death” (George S. Bishop). But, on the other hand, to say as Scripture says, that Messiah was stricken for the transgressions of YAHUWAH ‘s people, to say that He gave His life “for the sheep,” to say He gave His life a ransom “for many,” is to say that He made an atonement which fully atones; it is to say He paid a price which actually ransoms; it is to say He was set forth a propitiation which really propitiates; it is to say He is a Saviour who truly saves.
    (3) Closely connected with, and confirmatory of what we have said above, is the teaching of Scripture concerning our Messiah’s priesthood. It is as the great High Priest that Messiah now makes intercession. But for whom does He intercede? for the whole human race, or only for His own people? The answer furnished by the renewed Testament to this question is clear as a sunbeam. Our Saviour has entered into heaven itself “now to appear in the presence of YAHUWAH for us” (Heb. 9:24), that is, for those who are “partakers of the heavenly calling” (Heb. 3:1). And again it is written, “Wherefore He is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto YAHUWAH by Him, seeing He ever lives to make intercession for them” (Heb. 7:25). This is in strict accord with the Old Testament type. After slaying the sacrificial animal, Aaron went into the set-apart of holies as the representative and on behalf of the people of YAHUWAH: it was the names of Israel’s tribes which were engraved on his breastplate, and it was in their interests he appeared before YAHUWAH. Agreeable to this are our Saviour’s words in John 17:9-“I pray for them: I pray not for the world, but for them which Thou hast given Me; for they are Yours.” Another Scripture which deserves careful attention in this connection is found in Romans 8. In verse 33 the question is asked, “Who shall lay anything to the charge of YAHUWAH ‘s elect?” and then follows the inspired answer-“It is YAHUWAH that justifies. Who is he that condemns? It is Messiah that died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of YAHUWAH, who also makes intercession for us.” Note particularly that the death and intercession of Messiah have one and the same objects! As it was in the type so it is with the antitype-expiation and supplication are co-extensive. If then Messiah intercedes for the elect only, and “not for the world,” then He died for them only. And observe further, that the death, resurrection, exaltation and intercession of YAHUSHUA are here assigned as the reason why none can lay any “charge” against Yah’s elect. Let those who would still take issue with what we are advancing weigh carefully the following question-If the death of Messiah extends equally to all, how does it become security against a “charge,” seeing that all who believe not are “under condemnation”? (John 3:18).
    (4) The number of those who share the benefits of Messiah’s death is determined not only by the nature of the Atonement and the priesthood of Messiah but also by His power. Grant that the One who died upon the Cross was YAHUWAH manifest in the flesh and it follows inevitably that what Messiah has purposed that will He perform; that what He has purchased that will He possess; that what He has set His heart upon that will He secure. If YHWH YAHUSHUA possesses all power in heaven and earth then none can successfully resist His will. But it may be said, This is true in the abstract, nevertheless, Messiah refuses to exercise this power, inasmuch as He will never force anyone to receive Him as their YHWH and Saviour. In one sense that is true, but in another sense it is positively untrue. The salvation of any sinner is a matter of Divine power. By nature the sinner is at enmity with YAHUWAH, and naught but Divine power operating within him can overcome this enmity; hence it is written, “No man can come unto Me, except the Father which hath sent Me draw him” (John 6:44). It is the Divine power overcoming the sinner’s innate enmity which makes him willing to come to Messiah that he might have life. But this “enmity” is not overcome in all-why? Is it because the enmity is too strong to be overcome? Are there some hearts so steeled against Him that Messiah is unable to gain entrance? To answer in the affirmative is to deny His omnipotence. In the final analysis it is not a question of the sinner’s willingness or unwillingness, for by nature all are unwilling. Willingness to come to Messiah is the finished product of Divine power operating in the human heart and will in overcoming man’s inherent and chronic “enmity,” as it is written, “Thy people shall be willing in the day of Thy power” (Psa. 110:3). To say that Messiah is unable to win to Himself those who are unwilling is to deny that all power in heaven and earth is His. To say that Messiah cannot put forth His power without destroying man’s responsibility is a begging of the question here raised, for He has put forth His power and made willing those who have come to Him, and if He did this without destroying their responsibility, why “cannot” He do so with others? If He is able to win the heart of one sinner to Himself why not that of another? To say, as is usually said, the others will not let Him is to impeach His sufficiency. It is a question of His will. If YHWH YAHUSHUA has decreed, desired, purposed the salvation of all mankind, then the entire human race will be saved, or, otherwise, He lacks the power to make good His intentions; and in such a case it could never be said, “He shall see of the travail of His soul and be satisfied.” The issue raised involves the deity of the Saviour, for a defeated Saviour cannot be YAHUWAH.
    Having reviewed some of the general principles which require us to believe that the death of Messiah was limited in its design, we turn now to consider some of the explicit statements of Scripture which expressly affirm it. In that wondrous and matchless Fifty-third of Isaiah YAHUWAH tells us concerning His Son, “He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare His generation? for He was cut off out of the land of the living: for the transgression of My people was He stricken” (v. 8). In perfect harmony with this was the word of the angel to Joseph, “Thou shall call His name YAHUSHUA, for He shall save His people from their sins” (Matt. 1:21) i.e., not merely Israel, but all whom the Father had “given” Him. our Saviour Himself declared, “The Son of Man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give His life a ransom for many” (Matt. 20:28), but why have said “for many” if all without exception were included? It was “His people” whom He “redeemed” (Luke 1:68). It was for “the sheep,” and not the “goats,” that the Good Shepherd gave His life (John 10:11). It was the “assembly of YAHUWAH” which He purchased with His own blood” (Acts 20:28).
    If there is one Scripture more than any other upon which we should be willing to rest our case it is John 11:49-52. Here we are told, “And one of them, named Caiaphas, being the high priest that same year, said unto them, Ye know nothing at all, nor consider that it is expedient for us, that one man should die for the people, and that the whole nation perish not. And this spoke he not of himself: but being high priest that year, he prophesied that YAHUSHUA should die for that nation; And not for that nation only, but that also He should gather together in one the children of YAHUWAH that were before scattered abroad.” Here we are told that Caiaphas “prophesied not of himself,” that is, like those employed by YAHUWAH in Old Testament times (see 2 Peter 1:21), his prophecy originated not with himself, but he spoke as he was moved by the set-apart Spirit; thus is the value of his utterance carefully guarded, and the Divine source of this revelation expressly vouched for. Here, too, we are definitely informed that Messiah died for “that nation,” i.e., Israel, and also for the One Body, His assembly, for it is into the assembly that the children of YAHUWAH-“scattered” among the nations-are now being “gathered together in one.” And is it not remarkable that the members of the assembly are here called “children of YAHUWAH” even before Messiah died, and therefore before He commenced to build His assembly! The vast majority of them had not then been born, yet they were regarded as “children of YAHUWAH”; children of YAHUWAH because they had been chosen in Messiah before the foundation of the world, and therefore “predestined unto the adoption of children by YAHUSHUA Messiah to Himself” (Eph. 1:4, 5). In like manner, Messiah said, “Other sheep I have (not “shall have”) which are not of this fold” (John 10:16).
    If ever the real design of the Cross was uppermost in the heart and speech of our blessed Saviour it was during the last week of His earthly ministry. What then do the Scriptures which treat of this portion of His ministry record in connection with our present inquiry? They say, “When YAHUSHUA knew that His hour was come that He should depart out of this world unto the Father, having loved His own which were in the world, He loved them unto the end” (John 13:1). They tell us how He said, “Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down His life for His friends” (John 15:13). They record His word, “For their sakes I sanctify Myself, that they also might be sanctified through the truth” (John 17:19); which means, that for the sake of His own, those “given” to Him by the Father, He separated Himself unto the death of the Cross. One may well ask, Why such discrimination of terms if Messiah died for all men indiscriminately?
    Before closing this section of the chapter we shall consider briefly a few of those passages which seem to teach most strongly an unlimited design in the death of Messiah. In 2 Corinthians 5:14 we read, “One died for all.” But that is not all this Scripture affirms. If the entire verse and passage from which these words are quoted be carefully examined, it will be found that instead of teaching an unlimited atonement, it emphatically argues a limited design in the death of Messiah. The whole verse reads, “For the love of Messiah constrains us; because we thus judge, that if One died for all, then were all dead.” It should be pointed out that in the Greek there is the definite article before the last “all,” and that the verb here is in the aorist tense, and therefore should read, “We thus judge: that if One died for all, then the all died.” The Apostle is here drawing a conclusion as is clear from the words “we thus judge, that if… then were.” His meaning is, that those for whom the One died are regarded, judicially, as having died too. The next verse goes on to say, “And He died for all, that they which live should not henceforth live unto themselves, but unto Him which died for them, and rose again.” The One not only died but “rose again,” and so, too, did the “all” for whom He died, for it is here said they “live.” Those for whom a substitute acts are legally regarded as having acted themselves. In the sight of the law the substitute and those whom he represents are one. So it is in the sight of YAHUWAH. Messiah was identified with His people and His people were identified with Him, hence when He died they died (judicially) and when He rose they rose also. But further we are told in this passage (v. 17), that if any man be in Messiah he is a new creation; he has received a new life in fact as well as in the sight of the law, hence the “all” for whom Messiah died are here bidden to live henceforth no more unto themselves, “but unto Him which died for them, and rose again.” In other words, those who belonged to this “all” for whom Messiah died, are here exhorted to manifest practically in their daily lives what is true of them judicially: they are to “live unto Messiah who died for them.” Thus the “One died for all” is defined for us. The “all” for which Messiah died are they which “live,” and which are here bidden to live “unto Him.” This passage then teaches three important truths, and the better to show its scope we mention them in their inverse order: certain ones are here bidden to live no more unto themselves but unto Messiah; the ones thus admonished are “they which live,” that is live spiritually, hence, the children of YAHUWAH, for they alone of mankind possess spiritual life, all others being dead in trespasses and sins; those who do thus live are the ones, the “all,” the “them,” for whom Messiah died and rose again. This passage therefore teaches that Messiah died for all His people, the elect, those given to Him by the Father; that as the result of His death (and rising again “for them”) they “live”-and the elect are the only ones who do thus “live”; and this life which is theirs through Messiah must be lived “unto Him,” Messiah’s love must now “constrain” them.
    “For there is one YAHUWAH, and one Mediator, between YAHUWAH and men (not “man,” for this would have been a generic term and signified mankind. O the accuracy of set-apart Writ!), the Man Messiah YAHUSHUA; who gave Himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time” (1 Tim. 2:5, 6). It is upon the words “who gave Himself a ransom for all” we would now comment. In Scripture the word “all” (as applied to humankind) is used in two senses-absolutely and relatively. In some passages it means all without exception; in others it signifies all without distinction. As to which of these meanings it bears in any particular passage, must be determined by the context and decided by a comparison of parallel Scriptures. That the word “all” is used in a relative and restricted sense, and in such case means all without distinction and not all without exception, is clear from a number of Scriptures, from which we select two or three as samples. “And there went out unto him all the land of Judea, and they of Jerusalem, and were all baptized of him in the river of Jordan, confessing their sins” (Mark 1:5). Does this mean that every man, woman and child from “all the land of Judea and they of Jerusalem” were baptized of John in Jordan? Surely not. Luke 7:30 distinctly says, “But the Pharisees and lawyers rejected the counsel of YAHUWAH against themselves, being not baptized of him.” Then what does “all baptized of him” mean? We answer it does not mean all without exception, but all without distinction, that is, all classes and conditions of men. The same explanation applies to Luke 3:21. Again we read, “And early in the morning He came again into the Temple, and all the people came unto Him; and He sat down, and taught them” (John 8:2); are we to understand this expression absolutely or relatively? Does “all the people” mean all without exception or all without distinction, that is, all classes and conditions of people? Manifestly the latter; for the Temple was not able to accommodate everybody that was in Jerusalem at this time, namely, the Feast of Tabernacles. Again, we read in Acts 22:15, “For thou (Paul) shall be His witness unto all men of what thou hast seen and heard.” Surely “all men” here does not mean every member of the human race. Now we submit that the words “who gave Himself a ransom for all” in 1 Timothy 2:6 mean all without distinction, and not all without exception. He gave Himself a ransom for men of all nationalities, of all generations, of all classes; in a word, for all the elect, as we read in Revelation 5:9, “For Thou was slain, and hast redeemed us to YAHUWAH by Thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation.” That this is not an arbitrary definition of the “all” in our passage is clear from Matthew 20:28 where we read, “The Son of Man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give His life a ransom for many,” which limitation would be quite meaningless if He gave Himself a ransom for all without exception. Furthermore, the qualifying words here, “to be testified in due time” must be taken into consideration. If Messiah gave Himself a ransom for the whole human race, in what sense will this be “testified in due time”? seeing that multitudes of men will certainly be eternally lost. But if our text means that Messiah gave Himself a ransom for YAHUWAH ‘s elect, for all without distinction, without distinction of nationality, social prestige, moral character, age or sex, then the meaning of these qualifying words is quite intelligible, for in “due time” this will be “testified” in the actual and accomplished salvation of every one of them.
    “But we see YAHUSHUA, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with esteem and honour; that He by the favour of YAHUWAH should taste death for every man” (Heb. 2:9). This passage need not detain us long. A false doctrine has been erected here on a false translation. There is no word whatever in the Greek corresponding to “man” in our English version. In the Greek it is left in the abstract-“He tasted death for every.” The Revised Version has correctly omitted “man” from the text, but has wrongly inserted it in italics. Others suppose the word “thing” should be supplied-“He tasted death for every thing”-but this, too, we deem a mistake. It seems to us that the words which immediately follow explain our text: “For it became Him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons unto esteem, to make the captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings.” It is of “sons” the Apostle is here writing, and we suggest an ellipsis of “son”-thus: “He tasted death for every”-and supply son in italics. Thus instead of teaching the unlimited design of Messiah’s death, Hebrews 2:9, 10 is in perfect accord with the other Scriptures we have quoted which set for the restricted purpose in the Atonement: it was for the “sons” and not the human race our Saviour “tasted death.” *
    In closing this section of the chapter let us say that the only limitation in the Atonement we have contended for arises from pure Sovereignty; it is a limitation not of value and virtue, but of design and application.

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